See also: 電氣 and 电气

Japanese edit

Kanji in this term
でん
Grade: 2

Grade: 1
goon kan’on
Alternative spellings
電氣 (kyūjitai)
𬇐 (rare)

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Chinese 電氣电气 (diànqì, electricity),[1] attested since the 1850s.[2]

The electric light sense arose from a contraction of 電気灯 (denkitō), itself from this same 電気 (denki, electricity; electric) + (, lighting).[2] This sense is first attested in 1901.[2]

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(でん)() (denki

  1. [from 1850s] electricity
    Synonyms: 電力 (denryoku, more specifically about electric power), エレキ (ereki, dated), エレキテル (erekiteru, archaic)
  2. [from 1901] electric light
    Synonym: 電灯 (dentō)

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Pohnpeian: dengki
  • Sakizaya: dingki

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ Yutaka Fujita, 「電気」語源考, Nihon Eigakushi Kenkyūkai Kenkyū Hōkoku, 1967, no. 76
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 電気”, in 日本国語大辞典 (Nihon Kokugo Daijiten, Nihon Kokugo Daijiten)[1] (in Japanese), concise edition, Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 2000
  3. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  4. ^ Kindaichi, Kyōsuke et al., editors (1997), 新明解国語辞典 [Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten] (in Japanese), Fifth edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  5. ^ NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998), NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK Publishing, →ISBN
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.