See also:
U+706F, 灯
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-706F

[U+706E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7070]

TranslingualEdit

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic + phonetic (OC *rteːŋ, *teːŋ).

Han characterEdit

Stroke order
 

(Kangxi radical 86, +2, 6 strokes, cangjie input 火一弓 (FMN), composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 665, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 18855
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1075, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2188, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+706F

ChineseEdit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“lamp; light; lantern; etc.”).
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

ReadingsEdit

As shinjitai/variant kanji of :

As unsimplified kanji :

Readings shared by both kanji:

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
とう
Grade: 4
on’yomi
Alternative spelling
(kyūjitai)

From Middle Chinese (MC təŋ).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(とう) ( (kyūjitai )

  1. a light, lamp
    Synonym: 明かり (akari)
Derived termsEdit
ProverbsEdit

CounterEdit

(とう) (-tō (kyūjitai )

  1. counter for 電灯 (dentō, electric lights)
Derived termsEdit

SuffixEdit

(とう) (-tō (kyūjitai )

  1. electric light
Derived termsEdit

AffixEdit

(とう) ( (kyūjitai )

  1. light, lamp
  2. (by extension) Buddhist teaching

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
ともし
Grade: 4
irregular
Alternative spelling
(kyūjitai)

First attested around the 10th century.

Nominalization of 点し (tomoshi), the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of verb 点す (tomosu, to light).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(ともし) (tomoshi (kyūjitai )

  1. a light
  2. Alternative spelling of 照射 (tomoshi): a torch used to bait deer when night hunting
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
ともしび
Grade: 4
kun’yomi
Alternative spellings
(kyūjitai)
灯火
ともし火

Compound of 点し (tomoshi, the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of verb 点す (tomosu), “to light) +‎ (hi, fire).

The hi changes to bi as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(ともしび) (tomoshibi (kyūjitai )

  1. a light
    • 1986, Hayao Miyazaki (lyrics), Joe Hisaishi (music), “Kimi o Nosete [Reaching You]”, performed by Azumi Inoue:
      ()(きゅう)はまわる(きみ)をかくして (かがや)(ひとみ)きらめく(ともしび)...
      Chikyū wa mawaru kimi o kakushite kagayaku hitomi kirameku tomoshibi
      The Earth spins, hiding your shining pupils [and] glittering lights.
    Synonyms: 明かり (akari), 灯火 (tōka)
  2. a lit flame (such as of a candle or torch)
  3. (historical, obsolete) under the 律令 (Ritsuryō) system of the Heian period, a kind of scholarship granted to university students
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

Kanji in this term
とぼし
Grade: 4
irregular
Alternative spellings
(kyūjitai)
点火

Nominalization of 点し (toboshi), the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of verb 点す (tobosu, to light, archaic).

Equivalent to a shift from tomoshi above, with the nasal /-m-/ becomes plosive /-b-/.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(とぼし) (toboshi (kyūjitai )

  1. (archaic) an indoor torch
  2. (archaic) Alternative form of (tomoshi)
Derived termsEdit

Proper nounEdit

(とぼし) (Toboshi (kyūjitai )

  1. a placename

Etymology 5Edit

Kanji in this term
とぼしび
Grade: 4
irregular
Alternative spellings
(kyūjitai)
灯火

Compound of 点し (toboshi, the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of verb 点す (tobosu), “to light”, archaic) +‎ (hi, fire). The hi changes to bi as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

Equivalent to a shift from tomoshibi above, the nasal /-m-/ becomes plosive /-b-/.

NounEdit

(とぼしび) (toboshibi (kyūjitai )

  1. (archaic) Alternative form of (tomoshibi)

Etymology 6Edit

Kanji in this term
あかし
Grade: 4
kun’yomi
Alternative spelling
(kyūjitai)

The 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of verb 明かす (akasu, to go through the whole night).[2]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(あかし) (akashi (kyūjitai )

  1. a light, lamp
  2. (Shinto, Buddhism) a light (or lighted lamp) offered to a kami or buddha
    Synonym: 御灯, 御明かし, 御灯明 (miakashi)
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 7Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
kun’yomi
Alternative spelling
(kyūjitai)

Cognate with and extension of (hi, fire).[2]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

() (hi (kyūjitai )

  1. a light, lamp
    Synonym: 明かり (akari)
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN