KoreanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

First attested in the Seokbo sangjeol (釋譜詳節 / 석보상절), 1447, as Middle Korean ᄭᆡ〮다〮 (Yale: skóytá).

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ˈk͈ɛ(ː)da̠] ~ [ˈk͈e̞(ː)da̠]
    • (file)
  • Phonetic hangeul: [(ː)/(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?kkaeda
Revised Romanization (translit.)?kkaeda
McCune–Reischauer?kkaeda
Yale Romanization?kkāyta

VerbEdit

깨다 (kkaeda) (infinitive or 깨어, sequential 깨니)

  1. to return to a sober state of mind
  2. to be able to distinguish between thought and wisdom
  3. to get out of sleep and dream
  4. (North Korea) to have a developed mental and physical character in social life
ConjugationEdit

Etymology 2Edit

First attested in the Neung-eomgyeong eonhae (楞嚴經諺解 / 능엄경언해), 1461, as Middle Korean ᄢᅢ다〮 (Yale: pskàytá).

Linguist S. Roberts Ramsey suggests that the verb was originally derived from the verb ᄇᆞᅀᆞ (Yale: pozo-, "to break, to shatter") (> modern 부수다 (busuda)), explaining the unusual /psk-/ initial cluster which is believed to have formed (like other initial Middle Korean clusters) via the dropping of the minimal vowel o in earlier *posok-.

PronunciationEdit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?kkaeda
Revised Romanization (translit.)?kkaeda
McCune–Reischauer?kkaeda
Yale Romanization?kkayta

VerbEdit

깨다 (kkaeda) (infinitive or 깨어, sequential 깨니)

  1. to break; to smash; to shatter, to crack
  2. to spoil; to disturb; to break
  3. to break or beat a record
ConjugationEdit
See alsoEdit