KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

First attested in the Yongbi eocheonga (龍飛御天歌 / 용비어천가), 1447, as Middle Korean 높다 (Yale: nwophta).

The twelfth-century Chinese wordlist Jilin leishi records the Late Old Korean word for "tall" as (nɑ puənH), which seems to be the realis gerund form of this word with the Old Korean (*-on) suffix.

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [no̞p̚t͈a̠]
    • (file)
  • Phonetic hangeul: []
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?nopda
Revised Romanization (translit.)?nopda
McCune–Reischauer?nopta
Yale Romanization?noph.ta

AdjectiveEdit

높다 (nopda) (infinitive 높아, sequential 높으니)

  1. (literally and figurative) to be high, tall, lofty (of an object, a place, a quantified statistic, etc.)
    높은 건물
    nopeun geonmul
    a tall building
    높은 수압
    nopeun suap
    high water pressure
    높은 목소리
    nopeun moksori
    a high voice
  2. to be high up, to be high in social rank (of a person)
    높으신 오신대.
    Nopeusin buni osindae.
    They're saying someone high up is coming.
  3. (only in speech of the royal court) to be tall in height (of a person)
    주상께서 높으시니
    jusangkkeseo kiga nopeusini
    As His Majesty is tall in height...
    Synonym: 크다 (keuda, in all non-royal court usage)

ConjugationEdit

AntonymsEdit

  • 낮다 (natda, “to be low”)

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

  • 깊다 (gipda, “to be deep”)
  • 얕다 (yatda, “to be shallow”)