See also: and
U+96B1, 隱
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-96B1

[U+96B0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+96B2]

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han characterEdit

(radical 170, +14, 17 strokes, cangjie input 弓中月一心 (NLBMP), four-corner 72237, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1362, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41891
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1865, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 4162, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+96B1

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
alternative forms
 

𨼆
𤔌 ancient form
𠃊 ancient form

𨼆
𤔌 ancient form
𠃊 ancient form

𠃑

Glyph originEdit

Shuowen: Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qɯnʔ, *qɯns): semantic + phonetic ().

Pronunciation 1Edit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /in²¹⁴/
Harbin /in²¹³/
Tianjin /in¹³/
Jinan /iẽ⁵⁵/
Qingdao /iə̃⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /in⁵³/
Xi'an /iẽ⁵³/
Xining /iə̃⁵³/
Yinchuan /iŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /ĩn⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /iŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /in⁴²/
Chengdu /in⁵³/
Guiyang /in⁴²/
/ŋen⁴²/
Kunming /ĩ⁵³/
Nanjing /in²¹²/
Hefei /in²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /iəŋ⁵³/
Pingyao /iŋ⁵³/
Hohhot /ĩŋ⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /iŋ²³/
Suzhou /in⁵¹/
Hangzhou /ʔin⁵³/
Wenzhou /j̠aŋ³⁵/
Hui Shexian /iʌ̃³⁵/
Tunxi /in³¹/
Xiang Changsha /in⁴¹/
Xiangtan /in²¹/
Gan Nanchang /in²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /iun³¹/
Taoyuan /ʒuŋ³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jɐn³⁵/
Nanning /jɐn³⁵/
Hong Kong /jɐn³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /un⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /yŋ³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /iŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ɯŋ⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /un²¹³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (34)
Final () (57)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔɨnX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔɨnX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiənX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔɨnX/
Li
Rong
/ʔiənX/
Wang
Li
/ĭənX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔi̯ənX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yǐn
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yǐn
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔjɨnX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ʔ](r)ə[n]ʔ/
English grieved; suffering

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 15314
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qɯnʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to hide; to cover; to shield
  2. to conceal; to cover up
  3. hidden; concealed
  4. profound; subtle; delicate
  5. facts one wishes to hide; feelings or troubles one wishes to keep to oneself; secret
  6. secretly; inwardly

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (34)
Final () (57)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔɨnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔɨnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiənH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔɨnH/
Li
Rong
/ʔiənH/
Wang
Li
/ĭənH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔi̯ənH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yìn
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yǐn
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔjɨnX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ʔ](r)ə[n]ʔ/
English conceal

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 15319
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qɯns/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to lean upon

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. Kyūjitai form of (to hide; to conceal)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (MC ʔɨnX).

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 숨을 (sumeul eun))

  1. Hanja form? of (hide).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

Old KoreanEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

Conventionally reconstructed as *-n, after the Middle Korean reflexes.

Etymology 1Edit

From the coda consonant of Old Chinese (OC *qɯnʔ, *qɯns) or Middle Chinese (MC ʔɨnX, ʔɨnH).

PhonogramEdit

(*-n)

  1. A consonantal phonogram denoting coda consonant *-n
    (hundred, logogram) + ‎ (*-n, coda-marking phonogram) → ‎白隱 (*WOn, hundred)
    (thousand, logogram) + ‎ (*-n, coda-marking phonogram) → ‎千隱 (*CUMUn, thousand)

Etymology 2Edit

ParticleEdit

(*-(u)n)

  1. The Korean topic marker, with various nuances according to context:
    1. Used to mark an already known topic, to which the subsequent statement applies.
      • c. 750, 月明師 (Wolmyeongsa), “祭亡妹歌 (Jemangmae-ga)”, in 三國遺事 (Samguk Yusa) [Memorabilia of the Three Kingdoms]:
        生死路此矣有阿米次肹伊遣
        As life and death's paths [TOP] are present here, my way is blocked [or "I am in fear" or "I hesitate"].
      • c. 1170, Interpretive gugyeol glosses to the Avatamsaka Sutra, vol. 35, page 1:04—05:
        [此]菩薩[是]
        *i PWO.SAL-un i IL Is-un to-lwo
        Given that this Bodhisattva [TOP] has this matter
        (N.B. Gugyeol glyphs are given in non-abbreviated forms. Bracketed terms were ignored when read.)
      • c. 1250, Interpretive gugyeol glosses to the Golden Light Sutra:
        [言]]善男子五種法
        *PWUTHYE-n nwoy-si-l SYEN.NAM.CO-ya WO.CYONG.PEP-ur UY[?]-a
        As for the Buddha, his [honored] sayings: "O good men! Rely on the Five Laws, and..."
        (N.B. Gugyeol glyphs are given in non-abbreviated forms. Bracketed terms were ignored when read.)
    2. Used in comparative or contrastive constructions.
      • 765, 忠談師 (Chungdamsa), “安民歌 (Anmin-ga)”, in 三國遺事 (Samguk Yusa) [Memorabilia of the Three Kingdoms]:
        父也臣愛賜尸母史也
        *NIMKUM-un AP-ye SIN-un TOSU-si-lq Esi-ye
        The sovereign [TOP] is a father; the ministers [TOP] are loving mothers
      • c. 1250, Interpretive gugyeol glosses to the Golden Light Sutra, page 7.14:
        法身虛空如智慧大雲如
        As for the dharmakāya, it is akin to emptiness, and as for wisdom, it is like a great cloud, so []
        (N.B. Gugyeol glyphs are given in non-abbreviated forms. Bracketed terms were ignored when read.)
    3. Used with an emphatic sense.
      • c. 1250, Interpretive gugyeol glosses to the Golden Light Sutra, page 8.15—16:
        [於]十地良中智波羅蜜行向音叱
        *SIP.TI-akuy-n TI.PA.LA.MIL-ur HOYNG.HYANG-ho-kye-ms-ta
        Indeed in the ten bhūmis, it is fitting that one constantly practices the wisdom pāramitā
        (N.B. Gugyeol glyphs are given in non-abbreviated forms. Bracketed terms were ignored when read.)
Usage notesEdit

In Middle and Modern Korean, the allomorph taken by the topic marker after a vowel may be (-neun) instead of (-n), especially in formal speech. This is the result of reduplication of the topic marker at some point and may not have been present in Old Korean, although the phonologically opaque nature of the orthography makes it difficult to tell.

DescendantsEdit
  • Middle Korean: 은〮 (-(ú)n, topic marker)
    • Korean: (-(eu)n, topic marker)

Etymology 3Edit

SuffixEdit

(*-(u)n)

  1. A realis gerund suffix:
    1. what is, what was, what has, etc.; used to nominalize verbs in the realis mood.
    2. which is, which was, which has, etc.; used to make verbal adnominals in the realis mood.
DescendantsEdit
  • Middle Korean: 은〮 (-(ú)n, verbal realis particle, generally adnominal)
    • Korean: (-(eu)n, verbal past and adjectival realis adnominal suffix)
  • Middle Korean: 니〮 (-ní)
    • Korean: (ni)
  • Middle Korean: 니〮 (-ní)
  • Middle Korean: 녀〮 (-nyé)
    • Korean: (nya)
  • Middle Korean: 뇨〮 (-nyó)
    • Korean: (nyo)
  • Middle Korean: 은〮가〮 (-(ú)nká)
  • Middle Korean: 은〮고〮 (-(ú)nkwó)
  • Middle Korean: 은〮대〮 (-(ú)ntáy)
See alsoEdit
  • (*-l, irrealis gerund)

ReferencesEdit

  • 황선엽 (Hwang Seon-yeop) et al. (2009) 석독구결사전/釋讀口訣辭典 [Dictionary of interpretive gugyeol], Bakmunsa, →ISBN, pages 411—549

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Việt readings: ẩn ((ư)(cẩn)(thiết))[1][2][3][4][5]
: Nôm readings: ẩn[1][2][4][6], ửng[3][7], ăng[3], ổn[3], ẳng[5]

  1. Hán tự form of ẩn (to seclude oneself; to hide oneself).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit