HungarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

  1. (adjective-forming suffix) Added to a noun to form an adjective denoting possession or similarity. It requires a preceding adjective or a compound structure. Similar in function as the English -ed.
    nagy (láb) + láb (foot)nagy lábú ember (a man with big feet / a big-footed man)
    vörös (red) + haj (hair)vörös hajú (redheaded)

Usage notesEdit

  • Harmonic variants:
    is added to back-vowel words ending in a consonant
    is added to front-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -jú is added to back-vowel words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-.
    -jű is added to front-vowel words ending in a vowel. Final -e changes to -é-.

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit


IrishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From -aigh +‎ -adh.

Alternative formsEdit

SuffixEdit

 m

  1. Regular verbal noun of second-conjugation verbs, notably verbs in -aigh.
    tosaigh (begin) + ‎ → ‎tosú (commencement)
    uraigh (eclipse, verb) + ‎ → ‎urú (eclipse, noun)
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Irish -mad, from Proto-Celtic *-metos; compare Welsh -fed.

Alternative formsEdit

SuffixEdit

  1. -th (suffix forming ordinal numbers)
    ocht (eight) + ‎ → ‎ochtú (eighth)
Derived termsEdit