HungarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

[around 1350] Of the same origin as the / diminutive suffix. Later it split from the latter as an adjective-forming suffix meaning “possessing something”. Originally, the variants occurred equally both as a diminutive suffix and as an adjective-forming suffix. This mix of forms resulted in a division of senses.[1]

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

  1. (adjective-forming suffix) Added to a noun to form an adjective denoting possession or similarity. It requires a preceding adjective or a compound structure. Similar in function to the English -ed.
    hét (seven) + fej (head)hétfejű sárkány (seven-headed dragon)
    jó szív (kind heart)jószívű (kind-hearted)
    darázsderekúwasp-waisted
  2. (obsolete) Present-participle suffix, found today only in a few words such as gyönyörű (beautiful, adjective) or fésű (comb, noun).

Usage notesEdit

  • Harmonic variants:
    is added to back-vowel words ending in a consonant
    is added to front-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -jú is added to back-vowel words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-.
    -jű is added to front-vowel words ending in a vowel. Final -e changes to -é-.

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ in Zaicz, Gábor (ed.). Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN.  (See also its 2nd edition.)

See alsoEdit