-ικός

Ancient GreekEdit

EtymologyEdit

From -κός (-kós) with an added ι from i-stems such as φυσι-κός (phusi-kós, natural), through the same process by which -ῑ́της (-ī́tēs) developed from -της (-tēs), occurring in some original case and later used freely. Cognate with Latin -icus and Proto-Germanic *-igaz, from which came Old English -iġ (English -y), Old High German -ig, Gothic -𐌴𐌹𐌲𐍃 (-eigs).

PronunciationEdit

 

SuffixEdit

-ῐκός (-ikósm (feminine -ῐκή, neuter -ῐκόν); first/second declension

  1. Added to noun stems to form adjectives: of or pertaining to, in the manner of; -ic

InflectionEdit

Derived termsEdit


ReferencesEdit

  • Smyth, Herbert Weir (1920), “Part III: Formation of Words”, in A Greek grammar for colleges, Cambridge: American Book Company, § 858

GreekEdit

SuffixEdit

-ικός (-ikós)

  1. forms an adjective or a noun from a placename:
    Γαλλία (Gallía, France) + ‎-ικός (-ikós) → ‎γαλλικός (gallikós, French) (adjective)
    Γαλλία (Gallía, France) + ‎-ικός (-ikós) → ‎γαλλικά (galliká, French language) (inflection > noun)

DeclensionEdit