-ու

ArmenianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

SuffixEdit

-ու ‎(-u)

  1. the singular dative case ending of u-declension nouns
    ձիու‎ ― jiu ― dative singular case of ձի ‎(ji)
    մարդու‎ ― mardu ― dative singular case of մարդ ‎(mard)
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

SuffixEdit

-ու (-u)

  1. Appended to the verb to form its future participle.
    սիրել ‎(sirel) (sirel) — to like
    սիրելու ‎(sirelu) (sirelu)

Old ArmenianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Indo-European *-usyā, the feminine form of the participle suffix *-wes. See also -ուք ‎(-ukʿ).

SuffixEdit

-ու ‎(-u)

  1. Forming adjectives.
    հատանեմ‎ ― hatanem ― I cut
    հատու‎ ― hatu ― sharp, cutting
    կծանեմ‎ ― kcanem ― I bite
    կծու‎ ― kcu ― tart, pungent
    աղ‎ ― ― salt
    աղու‎ ― ału ― agreeable
Derived termsEdit


Etymology 2Edit

Contamination of Proto-Indo-European *-u stem vowel with the Proto-Indo-European *-yo, *-yā suffix.

SuffixEdit

-ու ‎(-u)

  1. found in few words, such as արու ‎(aru), եղջերու ‎(ełǰeru), մեղու ‎(mełu), ուրջու ‎(urǰu)
Derived termsEdit


ReferencesEdit

  • -ու” in Geworg J̌ahukyan (1998), Hin hayereni verǰacancʿneri cagumə [The Origin of Old Armenian Suffixes]. In Hayocʿ lezvi hamematakan kʿerakanutʿyan harcʿer [Questions of Comparative Grammar of the Armenian Language], Yerevan: Anania Shirakatsi

Etymology 3Edit

According to Godel, is identical with the -ու- ‎(-u-) stem vowel. The remaining stem, standing in contrast to the nominative/accusative singular (which lost its stem), was apt to function as a full-fledged case form.

SuffixEdit

-ու ‎(-u)

  1. singular genitive/dative/instrumental/locative marker for u-declension words
    ծովու‎ ― covu ― genitive/dative/instrumental/locative singular of ծով ‎(cov)

ReferencesEdit

  • Robert Godel (1975), An introduction to the study of classical Armenian, Wiesbaden: Dr Ludwig Reichert Verlag, page 104