-ու

See also: ու

Contents

ArmenianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Armenian -ու(-u).

SuffixEdit

-ու ‎(-u)

  1. forming adjectives
Derived termsEdit


Etymology 2Edit

SuffixEdit

-ու ‎(-u)

  1. the future converb I ending of verbs
    սիրելու‎ ― sirelu ― future converb I of սիրել(sirel)

Etymology 3Edit

From Old Armenian -ու(-u).

SuffixEdit

-ու ‎(-u)

  1. the singular dative case ending of u-declension nouns
    ձիու‎ ― jiu ― dative singular case of ձի(ji)
    մարդու‎ ― mardu ― dative singular case of մարդ(mard)
See alsoEdit

Old ArmenianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Indo-European *-usyā, the feminine form of the participle suffix *-wes. See also -ուք(-ukʿ).

SuffixEdit

-ու ‎(-u)

  1. Forming adjectives.
    հատանեմ‎ ― hatanem ― I cut
    հատու‎ ― hatu ― sharp, cutting
    կծանեմ‎ ― kcanem ― I bite
    կծու‎ ― kcu ― tart, pungent
    աղ‎ ― ― salt
    աղու‎ ― ału ― agreeable
Derived termsEdit


Etymology 2Edit

Contamination of Proto-Indo-European *-u stem vowel with the Proto-Indo-European *-yo, *-yā suffix.

SuffixEdit

-ու ‎(-u)

  1. found in few words, such as արու(aru), եղջերու(ełǰeru), մեղու(mełu), ուրջու(urǰu)
Derived termsEdit


ReferencesEdit

  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (1998), “-ու”, in Hin hayereni verǰacancʿneri cagumə [The Origin of Old Armenian Suffixes] (Hayocʿ lezvi hamematakan kʿerakanutʿyan harcʿer; 2) (in Armenian), Yerevan: Anania Širakacʿi, pages 5–48

Etymology 3Edit

According to Godel, is identical with the -ու-(-u-) stem vowel. The remaining stem, standing in contrast to the nominative/accusative singular (which lost its stem), was apt to function as a full-fledged case form.

SuffixEdit

-ու ‎(-u)

  1. singular genitive/dative/instrumental/locative marker for u-declension words
    ծովու‎ ― covu ― genitive/dative/instrumental/locative singular of ծով(cov)

ReferencesEdit

  • Godel, Robert (1975) An introduction to the study of classical Armenian, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, page 104