-ու

See also: ու

Contents

ArmenianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Armenian -ու (-u).

SuffixEdit

-ու (-u)

  1. forming adjectives
Derived termsEdit


Etymology 2Edit

SuffixEdit

-ու (-u)

  1. the future converb I ending of verbs
    սիրելու‎ ― sirelufuture converb I of սիրել (sirel)

Etymology 3Edit

From Old Armenian -ու (-u).

SuffixEdit

-ու (-u)

  1. the singular dative case ending of u-declension nouns
    ձիու‎ ― jiudative singular case of ձի (ji)
    մարդու‎ ― mardudative singular case of մարդ (mard)
See alsoEdit

Old ArmenianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Indo-European *-usyā, the feminine form of the participle suffix *-wes. See also -ուք (-ukʿ).

SuffixEdit

-ու (-u)

  1. Forming adjectives.
    հատանեմ‎ ― hatanemI cut
    հատու‎ ― hatusharp, cutting
    կծանեմ‎ ― kcanemI bite
    կծու‎ ― kcutart, pungent
    աղ‎ ― salt
    աղու‎ ― ałuagreeable
Derived termsEdit


Etymology 2Edit

Contamination of Proto-Indo-European *-u stem vowel with the Proto-Indo-European *-yo, *-yā suffix.

SuffixEdit

-ու (-u)

  1. found in few words, such as արու (aru), եղջերու (ełǰeru), մեղու (mełu), ուրջու (urǰu)
Derived termsEdit


ReferencesEdit

  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (1998), “-ու”, in Hin hayereni verǰacancʿneri cagumə [The Origin of Old Armenian Suffixes] (Hayocʿ lezvi hamematakan kʿerakanutʿyan harcʿer; 2) (in Armenian), Yerevan: Anania Širakacʿi, pages 5–48

Etymology 3Edit

According to Godel, is identical with the -ու- (-u-) stem vowel. The remaining stem, standing in contrast to the nominative/accusative singular (which lost its stem), was apt to function as a full-fledged case form.

SuffixEdit

-ու (-u)

  1. singular genitive/dative/instrumental/locative marker for u-declension words
    ծովու‎ ― covugenitive/dative/instrumental/locative singular of ծով (cov)

ReferencesEdit

  • Godel, Robert (1975) An introduction to the study of classical Armenian, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, page 104