Alternative formsEdit


By rebracketing of words such as amābilis (which comes from amāre, amō), where -ā- is part of the stem of a first conjugation verb. The word habilis (proper, apt) is sometimes incorrectly stated as being the origin of the suffix, but instead came from earlier *habibilis, from habeō + -ibilis, and was reduced by haplology.


-ābilis (neuter -ābile); third-declension two-termination suffix

  1. -able; able or worthy to be.
    exitium + ‎-abilis → ‎exitiābilis
    ratiō + ‎-abilis → ‎ratiōnābilis
    amīcus + ‎-abilis → ‎amīcābilis
    capiō + ‎-abilis → ‎capābilis
    perniciēs + ‎-abilis → ‎perniciābilis


Third-declension two-termination adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative -ābilis -ābile -ābilēs -ābilia
Genitive -ābilis -ābilium
Dative -ābilī -ābilibus
Accusative -ābilem -ābile -ābilēs
Ablative -ābilī -ābilibus
Vocative -ābilis -ābile -ābilēs -ābilia

Derived termsEdit


  • Catalan: -able
  • English: -able
  • French: -able
  • Galician: -ábel, -able
  • Italian: -abile, -evole
  • Norwegian Bokmål: -abel
  • Portuguese: -ável
  • Romanian: -abil
  • Spanish: -able