See also: else and Else

Danish edit

Etymology edit

From -ilse, later -ælsæ, from Old Saxon -isli, -islo, from Proto-West Germanic *-islī. Also used to represent the Middle Low German suffix -nisse.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /-əlsə/, [-əlsə]

Suffix edit

-else c (singular definite -elsen, plural indefinite -elser, plural definite -elserne)

  1. added to a verb to form a noun for an action or process
  2. the result of, or something related to, such an action or process

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Norwegian Bokmål: -else

Low German edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Middle Low German -else, from Old Saxon -isli, -islo; from Proto-West Germanic *-islī.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /əlsə/, [(ə)lzə]

Suffix edit

-else n

  1. Creating, from a verb, a noun which is created by the action of this verb (not necessarily one with which the verb is supposed to be done).
    Backelse (pastry): that which is baked (in a wider sense anything baked like bread and cakes) — from backen (to bake)
    Radelse (riddle): that which is guessed — from raden (to guess); compare German Rätsel, Dutch raadsel, Old English rǣdelse
    Riemelse (rhyme): that which is rhymed — from riemen (to rhyme)

Middle Low German edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Old Saxon -isli, from Proto-West Germanic *-islī.

Pronunciation edit

Suffix edit

-else

  1. Creating a noun from a verb, denoting something on which the verb is performed.
    ên backelse
    a baked good; literally 'that which is created by baking'
  2. Creating a noun from a verb, denoting an object which is used to perform the verb.
    ên deckelse
    a cover, a roof, a wrapping; literally 'that which is used to cover'

Norwegian Bokmål edit

Etymology edit

Mostly from Danish -else, from Old Danish -ælsæ -ilse, with metathesis of -sl- to -ls- from Old Saxon -isli, -islo.

Also from West Germanic loanwords, partly with metathesis of suffixes -sel and -sle from Middle Low German -nisse, from Old Saxon -nissi, from Proto-West Germanic *-nassī (forms abstract nouns), from *-nass, from Proto-Germanic *-inassuz + *-ī, from Proto-Germanic *-į̄, from Proto-Indo-European *-i-h₂, from *-h₂ (creates collective nouns).

Pronunciation edit

Suffix edit

-else m or n (definite singular neuter -elset, definite singular masculine -elsen, indefinite plural -elser, definite plural -elsene or -elsa)

  1. Used to form verbal nouns denoting an action.
    avgjørelse, forståelse, anfektelse, bebudelse, oppstandelsedecision, understanding, challenge, proclamation, resurrection
  2. Used to form verbal nouns synonymous with the -ing ending.
    drøftelse, oversettelse, tilretteleggelse, utdannelsediscussion, translation, facilitation, education
  3. Used to form verbal nouns denoting a different meaning than the -ing ending.
    forbindelse, lignelseconnection, parable
  4. Used to form verbal nouns with a specific meaning, usually the result of an action
    skrivelse, spøkelse, stivelsewriting, ghost, starch

Derived terms edit

See also edit

References edit

Anagrams edit

Old English edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

A metathetic form of Proto-West Germanic *-islī.

Pronunciation edit

Suffix edit

-else f

  1. (feminine suffix for inanimate objects) suffix creating nouns from verbs
    rǣdelsecounsel, advice, riddle, enigma
    myrrelse, mierrelsean offense, scandal; stumblingblock

Declension edit

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

  • Category Old English terms suffixed with -else not found

Descendants edit

Swedish edit

Etymology edit

From Old Saxon -isli, -islo, from Proto-West Germanic *-islī. Also used to represent the Middle Low German suffix -nisse.

Suffix edit

-else c

  1. suffix creating nouns from verbs

Derived terms edit