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EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English -elen, -len, -lien, from Old English -lian (frequentative verbal suffix), from Proto-Germanic *-lōną (frequentative verbal suffix). Cognate with West Frisian -elje, Dutch -elen, German -eln, Danish -le, Swedish -la, Icelandic -la. Compare -er.

SuffixEdit

-le

  1. A frequentative suffix of verbs, indicating repetition or continuousness:
    assle, buzzle, crackle, cuddle, dazzle, draggle, drawl, dribble, drizzle, fumble, gamble, grapple, handle, jostle, kissle, maddle, mingle, nestle, nuzzle, prattle, ramble, rattle, ripple, scribble, sile, sizzle, smartle, sniffle, snuggle, startle, stopple, suckle, tattle, tickle, topple, waggle, whemmle, wiggle, wrestle
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English -el, -le, from Old English -el, -ol (adjective suffix), from Proto-Germanic *-ulaz (adjective suffix). Cognate with West Frisian -el, Dutch -el, Low German -el, German -el.

SuffixEdit

-le

  1. A suffix forming adjectives from verbs with the meaning of "prone to", "tending to", "apt to", "capable of"; compare -ative:
    battle, breakle, brittle, fickle, forgettle, little, newfangle, nimble, wankle

Etymology 3Edit

From Middle English -el, from Old English -el, -ol, -ul (agent suffix), from Proto-Germanic *-ilaz (agent suffix). Cognate with West Frisian -el, Dutch -el, Low German -el, German -el.

SuffixEdit

-le

  1. A suffix forming agent nouns from verbs:
    beadle, beetle, bridle, bundle, cripple, fettle, girdle, ladle, losel, runnel, shovel, spindle, spittle, steeple, stile, stopple, thimble, tool, towel, trundle

Etymology 4Edit

From Middle English -el, from Old English -el, -il (diminutive suffix), from Proto-Germanic *-ilaz (diminutive suffix).

Alternative formsEdit

SuffixEdit

-le

  1. A suffix forming diminutives from other nouns; compare -ling:
    bramble, dimple, dingle, hatchel, hosel, hovel, gomeral, kernel, newel, nozzle, puckle, treddle
Derived termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


BasqueEdit

SuffixEdit

-le

  1. forms agent noun from verbs

Usage notesEdit

  • It is used with verbs ending in -i preceded by a sibilant or -r(r)-. If the sibilant is an affricate, it is reduced to a fricative.
    ikasi 'study' - ikasle 'student'
    idatzi 'write' - idazle 'writer'
    irakurri 'read' - irakurle 'reader'
  • For other verbs the alternative form -tzaile is used.

CimbrianEdit

SuffixEdit

-le

  1. forms diminutives

Derived termsEdit



FinnishEdit

EtymologyEdit

-l(a) +‎ -e

SuffixEdit

-le

  1. Forms diminutive nouns.

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of -le (Kotus type 48/hame, no gradation)
nominative -le -leet
genitive -leen -leiden
-leitten
partitive -letta -leita
illative -leeseen -leisiin
-leihin
singular plural
nominative -le -leet
accusative nom. -le -leet
gen. -leen
genitive -leen -leiden
-leitten
partitive -letta -leita
inessive -leessa -leissa
elative -leesta -leista
illative -leeseen -leisiin
-leihin
adessive -leella -leilla
ablative -leelta -leilta
allative -leelle -leille
essive -leena -leina
translative -leeksi -leiksi
instructive -lein
abessive -leetta -leitta
comitative -leineen
Inflection of -le (Kotus type 48/hame, no gradation)
nominative -le -leet
genitive -leen -leiden
-leitten
partitive -lettä -leitä
illative -leeseen -leisiin
-leihin
singular plural
nominative -le -leet
accusative nom. -le -leet
gen. -leen
genitive -leen -leiden
-leitten
partitive -lettä -leitä
inessive -leessä -leissä
elative -leestä -leistä
illative -leeseen -leisiin
-leihin
adessive -leellä -leillä
ablative -leeltä -leiltä
allative -leelle -leille
essive -leenä -leinä
translative -leeksi -leiksi
instructive -lein
abessive -leettä -leittä
comitative -leineen

Derived termsEdit



GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [lə]
  • (file)

SuffixEdit

-le

  1. (chiefly dialectal) suffix used to create a diminutive form, mostly in Alemannic and Upper Franconian dialects; e.g., HausHäusle

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit


ItalianEdit

PronounEdit

-le

  1. enclitic form of le; appended to present active infinitive verb forms to derive accusative forms when the object is third plural feminine person and the dative form when the object is third singular feminine person
    dare (to give)darle (to give them; to give for her)
    vendere (to sell)venderle (to sell them; to sell to her)
    servire (to serve)servirle (to serve them; to serve to her)

Usage notesEdit

The final -e of the original infinitive is removed :

-are-arle
-ere-erle
-ire-irle

Where the verb ends in -rre, the final re is removed, leaving behind just an -r:

introdurre (to introduce)introdurle (to introduce them; to insert in her)

In any case, after the suffixation, there is only a single r and no vowels immediately before -le.


LatinEdit

Middle EnglishEdit

SuffixEdit

-le

  1. Alternative form of -liche

ReferencesEdit


RomanianEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin -ae (first-declension ending), with intrusive l.

SuffixEdit

-le

  1. (plural) -s (feminine/neuter)
Usage notesEdit
  • This form of the plural is indefinite, and used for feminine nouns in the nominative/accusative and genitive/dative cases which end in a stressed vowel, or is monosyllabic:
  • zile, from zi, fem.
  • basmale, from basma, fem.
  • cafele, from cafe, fem.
Alternative formsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin ille.

SuffixEdit

-le

  1. variant of -l: the (definite article)
Usage notesEdit

This form of the definite article is used for both masculine and neuter singular nouns in the nominative and accusative cases which end in -e:

Etymology 3Edit

From Latin illae, nominative feminine plural of ille.

SuffixEdit

-le

  1. (definite article) the (feminine/neuter plural, nominative and accusative)
Usage notesEdit

This form of the definite article is used for both feminine and neuter plural nouns in the nominative and accusative cases

Note that this suffix is also added to indefinite feminine plurals in -le:

The suffix is also used with feminine plural adjectives in the nominative and accusative cases to make the articulated definite form, often for emphasis, and it is used before the noun it modifies:

Related termsEdit
  • -l (masculine/neuter singular nominative and accusative)
  • -a (feminine singular nominative and accusative)
  • -i (masculine/neuter plural nominative and accusative)
  • -lui (masculine/neuter singular genitive and dative)
  • -ei (feminine singular genitive and dative)
  • -lor (plural genitive and dative)

ScotsEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English -el, -le, from Old English -el, -ol (adjective suffix), from Proto-Germanic *-ulaz (adjective suffix).

SuffixEdit

-le

  1. used for forming adjectives signifying 'having a tendency to' or 'able to'; e.g. forgettle, smittle, fodgle

Etymology 2Edit

SuffixEdit

-le

  1. a contracted form of full; e.g. cairtle (cartful, cart-load), cogle (bowlful)

Etymology 3Edit

From Middle English -elen, -len, -lien, from Old English -lian (frequentative verbal suffix), from Proto-Germanic *-lōną (frequentative verbal suffix).

SuffixEdit

-le

  1. frequentative or diminutive suffix, added to verbs
  2. forms adverbs implying direction towards

SwabianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Compare Yiddish ־ל(-l).

SuffixEdit

-le n

  1. Used to form diminutives.

TurkishEdit

SuffixEdit

-le

  1. with, shortened form of ile
    annemle okula gidiyorum
    I am going to school with my mother
  2. by, shortened form of ile
    okula otobüsle gidiyorum
    I am going to school by bus

Usage notesEdit

  • If the word's last vowel is "a", "ı", "o" or "u", it becomes "-la".
    babamla ve uçakla - with my father and by plane
    kızımla ve kayıkla - with my daughter and by boat
    oğlumla ve vapurla - with my son and by steamship
    horozla ve motorla - with the rooster and by motorcycle
  • If the word ends in a vowel, it becomes "-yle". (If it's a back vowel, "-yla")
    gemiyle - by ship
    sevgiyle - with love
    arabayla - by car
    korkuyla - with fear
  • If it's added to a proper noun, it must be used with an apostrophe.
    Zafer'le - with Zafer.
    Emre'yle - with Emre.
  • Unlike most Turkish suffixes, this suffix is always unstressed; the stress in the combined word remains where it was in the word before suffixing.