Appendix:Slovak declension pattern chlap

SlovakEdit

Declension pattern chlapEdit

pattern chlap m, noun
chlap stem

SingularEdit

PluralEdit

This pattern is typically used by masculine nouns that do not end with -a and are animate, that is those that describe a person. Animals can sometimes follow a dual pattern (chlap or dub) depending on whether we think of them as individual persons or not.

The vocative singular is usually the same as nominative singular in modern usage, but can end with either -e or -u in poetic usage, and in some religious contexts. For example, the vocative of Boh (God) is Bože and of pán (sir) is pane. The vocative of otec (father) is otec when one is calling one's father, but otče when addressing a priest. The vocative of these few nouns cannot be replaced by the nominative.

In some cases the dative and locative singular can end with -u rather than -ovi, and the nominative plural can end with -ovia or just -ia rather than -i.

Other masculine patternsEdit

The other pattern for animate masculine nouns is hrdina. The two patterns for non-animate masculine nouns are dub and stroj.