See also: sabbath




From Latin sabbatum partly through Old French sabbat, sabat, from Ancient Greek σάββατον (sábbaton, Sabbath), from Hebrew שבת (shabát, Sabbath).

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.



Sabbath (plural Sabbaths)

  1. Saturday, observed in Judaism and some Christian denominations as a day of rest.
  2. Sunday, observed in most of Christianity as a day of rest.
  3. Friday, observed in Islam as a day of rest.
  4. A meeting of witches, presided over by the devil. (Also: witches' sabbath or black sabbath).
    • 1971, Keith Thomas, Religion and the Decline of Magic, Folio Society 2012, page 419:
      Around this conception was built up the notion of ritual devil-worship, involving the sabbath or nocturnal meeting at which the witches gathered to worship their master and to copulate with him.

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