See also: sabbath




From Latin sabbatum partly through Old French sabbat, sabat, from Ancient Greek σάββατον ‎(sábbaton, Sabbath), from Hebrew שבת ‎(shabát, Sabbath).

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.



Sabbath ‎(plural Sabbaths)

  1. The Biblical seventh day of the week, observed as a day of rest in Judaism, Seventh-day Adventism, or Seventh Day Baptism, starting at sundown on Friday till sundown on Saturday.
  2. Sunday, observed throughout the majority of Christianity as a day of rest.
  3. Friday, observed in Islam as a day of rest.
  4. A meeting of witches, presided over by the devil. (Also: witches' sabbath or black sabbath).
    • 1971, Keith Thomas, Religion and the Decline of Magic, Folio Society 2012, page 419:
      Around this conception was built up the notion of ritual devil-worship, involving the sabbath or nocturnal meeting at which the witches gathered to worship their master and to copulate with him.

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