Reconstruction:Proto-Austronesian/zaʀum

Asterisk.svg
This Proto-Austronesian entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-AustronesianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

IPA(key): /ɟ͡ʝaʀum/, /ɟ͡ʝarum/

NounEdit

*zaʀum

  1. needle

DescendantsEdit

  • Proto-Malayo-Polynesian: *zaʀum
    • Bali-Sasak-Sumbawa
      • Balinese: ᬚᬳᬸᬫ᭄
      • Sasak-Sumbawa
    • Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian: *zaʀum
      • Bima: ndau
      • Sumba-Flores
        • Ende-Manggarai
          • Central Flores
          • Manggarai: jarung (borrowing from Makasar?)
      • Proto-Oceanic: *saʀum
        • Admiralty Islands
        • Central-Eastern Oceanic
          • Southeast Solomonic
            • Bugotu-Gela-Guadalcanal
              • Gela-Guadalcanal
            • Longgu-Malaita-Makira
              • Malaita-Makira
                • Makira
                • Malaita
                  • Southern Malaita
        • Central Pacific
          • East Fijian-Polynesian
            • Proto-Polynesian: *au (see there for further descendants)
        • St. Matthias
        • Western Oceanic
          • Huon Gulf
            • Markham
              • Lower Markham
                • Wampar: so
          • North New Guinea
          • Meso-Melanesian
            • Northwest Solomonic
              • Nehan-Bougainville
    • Proto-Chamic: *jrum
      • Eastern Cham: jarum
      • Jarai: jrum
      • Western Cham: [script needed] (jrum)
    • Greater Barito
    • Proto-Malayic: *jarum
    • Northwest Sumatra-Barrier Islands
    • Old Javanese:
    • Palauan: rasm, merasm
    • Proto-Philippine: *daʀum (see there for further descendants)
    • Rejang: dolom
    • Proto-South Sulawesi:
  • Paiwan: djaum, djmaum
  • Thao: lhalhum, pashlhalhuman, pulhalhum