This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



Unclear. Probably from demonstrative *sa + an unclear suffix, possibly an earlier *-no or *-ne. But it could also continue Proto-Indo-European *tóm, whence also Latin tum.




  1. then, at that time

Derived termsEdit


  • Proto-West Germanic: *þan
    • Old Frisian: than
      • Saterland Frisian: dan, do
      • West Frisian: dan
    • Old Saxon: than
      • Middle Low German: dan
    • Old Dutch: than
      • Middle Dutch: dan
        • Dutch: dan (then, than)
    • Old High German: dan
      • Middle High German: dan
  • Proto-Norse: *ᚦᚨᚾ (*þan)
    • Old Norse: þá (then)
      • Icelandic: þá
      • Faroese:
      • Norwegian Nynorsk:
      • Old Swedish: þā
      • Danish: da
        • Norwegian Bokmål: da
    • Old Norse: an
    • Old Norse: en (than)
      • Icelandic: en
      • Old Swedish: æn
  • Gothic: 𐌸𐌰𐌽 (þan, then)