See also: TUM, túm, tùm, tũm, tüm, tụm, -tum, and -tum-

TranslingualEdit

SymbolEdit

tum

  1. (international standards) ISO 639-2 & ISO 639-3 language code for Tumbuka.

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

tum (plural tums)

  1. shortened form of tummy

AnagramsEdit


LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *tóm, accusative of *só. Cf. its feminine form Latin tam, as in tamquam. Cognate with Ancient Greek τότε (tóte).

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

tum (not comparable)

  1. then, thereupon
    Tum Caecilius in horto sedet.
    Then Caecilius sits in the garden.
  2. at the time, at that time, then
    tum primumfor the first time, then at first
    • Qui tum primum allato nuntio de oppugnatione VellaunoduniWho then for the first time being delivered information about the siege of Vellaunodunum
      (Caesar, de Bello Gallico, VII, 11)
    • Ea tum cura maxime intentos habebat Romanos, non ab ira tantum, quae in nullam unquam ciuitatem iustior fuit, quam quod urbs tam nobilis ac potens, sicut defectione sua traxerat aliquot populos, ita recepta inclinatura rursus animos uidebatur ad ueteris imperii respectumThis concern in particular troubled the mindful Romans at the time, not so much because of anger, which has never been more justified against any other city, rather because a city so noble and powerful, in the same way that it had attracted the support of a number of communities by its revolt, was thought would again turn attention back towards respect for the previous government once recaptured.
      (Livius, ab urbe condita)
  3. further on
    ...tum silvis scaena coruscis... - Aeneid, Book 1, Line 164

Usage notesEdit

Often coupled with cum

  1. Such that "tum x, cum y" = "then x, when y"
  2. "cum x tum y" = "not only x but also y"

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • tum”, in Charlton T[homas] Lewis; Charles [Lancaster] Short (1879) [] A New Latin Dictionary [], New York, N.Y.; Cincinnati, Ohio; Chicago, Ill.: American Book Company; Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • tum”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • tum in Enrico Olivetti, editor (2003-2022) Dizionario Latino, Olivetti Media Communication
  • tum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • at the same moment that, precisely when: eo ipso tempore, cum; tum ipsum, cum
    • Pericles, the greatest man of his day: Pericles, quo nemo tum fuit clarior
    • Pericles, the greatest man of his day: Pericles, vir omnium, qui tum fuerunt, clarissimus
    • I was ten years old at the time: tum habebam decem annos
    • to be sound asleep: sopītum esse
    • to talk of a subject which was then the common topic of conversation: in eum sermonem incidere, qui tum fere multis erat in ore
    • a hand-to-hand engagement ensued: tum pes cum pede collatus est (Liv. 28. 2)

Middle EnglishEdit

AdjectiveEdit

tum

  1. (Northern) Alternative form of tome (empty)

NornEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse þumi, from Proto-Germanic *þūmô.

NounEdit

tum

  1. thumb

Scottish GaelicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish tummaid (dips, plunges, immerses).

VerbEdit

tum (past thum, future tumaidh, verbal noun tumadh, past participle tumta)

  1. plunge, immerse, dip, duck, steep

ReferencesEdit


SumerianEdit

RomanizationEdit

tum

  1. Romanization of 𒌈 (tum)

SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

NounEdit

tum c

  1. inch; a measure of length

Usage notesEdit

At least three different lengths can be intended: before 1855 it corresponded to 24.74 mm (also known as verktum); between 1855 and 1889 it was 29.69 mm (decimaltum). Today it mainly refers to imperial inches (engelsk tum), i.e. 25.40 mm.

DeclensionEdit

Declension of tum 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative tum tummen tum tummen
Genitive tums tummens tums tummens

Related termsEdit


Tabasco ZoqueEdit

NumeralEdit

tum

  1. one

ReferencesEdit

  • A. G. de León G., El ayapaneco: una variante del zoqueano en Ja Chontalpa tabasquena [The Ayapaneco dialect: a variant of the Zoque language in the Chontalpa region of Tabasco]

TernateEdit

EtymologyEdit

From tumu, with word-final vowel deletion.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

tum

  1. Alternative form of tumu (to dive, leap down from)

ConjugationEdit

Conjugation of tum
Singular Plural
Inclusive Exclusive
1st totum fotum mitum
2nd notum nitum
3rd Human otumm, motumf itum, yotum
Non-human itum itum, yotum
* m - masculine, f - feminine, - archaic

ReferencesEdit

  • Rika Hayami-Allen (2001) A descriptive study of the language of Ternate, the northern Moluccas, Indonesia, University of Pittsburgh

VietnameseEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

tum (𡉾)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VolapükEdit

NumeralEdit

tum

  1. hundred

Usage notesEdit

This word must be preceded by a numeral for a single-digit number, so "one hundred" is expressed in Volapük as "baltum."

Derived termsEdit