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Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/burdą

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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-GermanicEdit

EtymologyEdit

Of uncertain origin; possibly from earlier *brezdą ~ *burzdnaz (edge, board) (whence also Old High German borto, Faroese breddi), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰérsdʰ-ō ~ *bʰr̥sdʰ-nés, from *bʰers- (tip, edge) +‎ *-dʰh₁eti (compare Sanskrit: भृस्ति (bhṛstí, tip, edge)).[1] Alternatively perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerHdʰ-[2], from *bʰerH- (to strike, pierce; to work with sharp tools) +‎ *-dʰh₁eti. Possible cognate with Proto-Slavic *bьrdo (comb, reed)[3].

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

*burdą n[2][4][1]

  1. board, plank
  2. table

InflectionEdit

neuter a-stemDeclension of *burdą (neuter a-stem)
singular plural
nominative *burdą *burdō
vocative *burdą *burdō
accusative *burdą *burdō
genitive *burdas, *burdis *burdǫ̂
dative *burdai *burdamaz
instrumental *burdō *burdamiz

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Guus Kroonen. The Proto-Germanic N-Stems: A Study in Diachronic Morphophonology. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2011
  2. 2.0 2.1 Orel, Vladimir (2003), “*ƀurđan”, in A Handbook of Germanic Etymology, Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 63
  3. ^ Trubačóv, Oleg, editor (1976), “*bьrdо”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ slavjanskix jazykov [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), volume 03, Moscow: Nauka, page 164
  4. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*barzda-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 86