brad

See also: Brad

Contents

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Late Middle English, variant of brod(d), from Old Norse broddr ‎(spike, shaft), from Proto-Germanic *bruzdaz (compare Old English brord, Old High German brort), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰrusdʰos (compare Welsh brath ‎(sting, prick), Albanian bredh ‎(fir-tree), Lithuanian bruzdùklis ‎(bridle), Czech brzda ‎(brake).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

brad ‎(plural brads)

  1. A thin, small nail, with a slight projection at the top on one side instead of a head, or occasionally with a small domed head, similar to that of an escutcheon pin.
    • 1936, Djuna Barnes, Nightwood, Faber & Faber 2007, p. 5:
      Into the middle arch of each desk silver-headed brads had been hammered to form a lion, a bear, a ram, a dove, and in the midst a flaming torch.
  2. (US, elementary school usage, particularly kindergarten and primary grades) A paper fastener, a fastening device formed of thin, soft metal, such as shim brass, with a round head and a flat, split shank, which is spread after insertion in a hole in a stack of pages, in much the same way as a cotter pin or a split rivet.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

VerbEdit

brad ‎(third-person singular simple present brads, present participle bradding, simple past and past participle bradded)

  1. (transitive) To attach using a brad.

AnagramsEdit


AromanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Possibly a borrowing from Proto-Albanian *brada (modern Albanian bredh), or alternatively a substrate cognate of it, and ultimately from an Indo-European source either way. Compare Megleno-Romanian and Daco-Romanian brad.

NounEdit

brad m ‎(plural bradz)

  1. fir tree

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit


IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Irish brat ‎(spoil, plunder, robbery).

NounEdit

brad f ‎(genitive singular braide)

  1. (literary) plunder
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

VerbEdit

brad ‎(present analytic bradann, future analytic bradfaidh, verbal noun bradadh, past participle bradta)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) Alternative form of bradaigh ‎(steal, pilfer; remove gently; steal away)
ConjugationEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
brad bhrad mbrad
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit

  • "brad" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • 1 brat” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Megleno-RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Possibly a borrowing from Proto-Albanian *brada (modern Albanian bredh), or alternatively a substrate cognate of it, and ultimately from an Indo-European source either way. Compare Aromanian and Daco-Romanian brad.

NounEdit

brad

  1. fir tree

Old EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *braidaz. Compare Old Frisian brēd (West Frisian breed), Old Saxon brēd (Low German breed, breet), Dutch breed, Old High German breit (German breit), Old Norse breiðr (Danish and Swedish bred), Gothic 𐌱𐍂𐌰𐌹𐌸𐍃 ‎(braiþs).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

brād

  1. broad

DeclensionEdit

DescendantsEdit


RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Possibly a borrowing from Proto-Albanian *brada (modern Albanian bredh), or alternatively a substratum cognate of it, and ultimately from an Indo-European source either way (a borrowing directly from (modern) Albanian would have presumably produced a form *brez). [1] Another theory suggests that it was reformed analogically from the plural brazi, and that the original form was *braz (reinterpreted as a plural, modeled on plurals such as coadă > cozi, pradă > prăzi, surd, > surzi). See also the Romanian alpine toponyms containing Breaza, which may correspond to the Albanian plural form bredha [2]. Compare also Aromanian brad.

NounEdit

brad m ‎(plural brazi)

  1. fir, Abies alba.
  2. pine tree.
  3. pine wood.

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Romanian Explanatory Dictionary
  2. ^ https://dexonline.ro/articol/Despre_leg%C4%83turile_rom%C3%A2nei_cu_albaneza

VolapükEdit

NounEdit

brad ‎(plural brads)

  1. arm

DeclensionEdit


WelshEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

brad m (uncountable)

  1. treason
  2. treachery

MutationEdit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
brad frad mrad unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.
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