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See also: dzeltēns

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LatvianEdit

 
Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lv

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Derived ( +‎ -ens) from an old adjective dzelts (yellow), found in old folk songs, and still in some dialects, but not in the standard language anymore (possibly due to homophony with dzelts (stung, pricked)). It was the past participle of *dzelt, from Proto-Baltic *gel-, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰelh₃- (to shine) (whence also zelts (gold) and other color terms: compare zils (blue), zaļš (green)). Cognates include Lithuanian geltónas, Old Prussian gelatynan (probably a mistranscribed geltaynan; neut. pl.?), Proto-Slavic *žьltъ (< *gilt-) (Russian жёлтый (žóltyj), Belarusian жоўты (žóŭty), Ukrainian жовтий (žóvtyj), Bulgarian жълт (žǎlt), Czech žlutý, Polish żółty).[1]

PronunciationEdit

(file)

AdjectiveEdit

 
Dzeltens

dzeltens (def. dzeltenais, comp. dzeltenāks, sup. visdzeltenākais; adv. dzelteni)

  1. yellow (having the color of, e.g., gold, or of the dandelion flower)
    tumši, gaiši, koši dzeltensdark, light, bright yellow
    dzeltens ziedsyellow flower
    dzeltens taurenisyellow butterfly
    dzeltena krāsa, gaismayellow color, light
    dzeltens papīrsyellow paper
  2. yellow (the color of old leaves)
    parkā rudens vējš dzenā dzeltenas, sakaltušas lapasin the park, the autumn wind drives the yellow, dried leaves away
  3. yellow (without color, pale and unhealthy)
    dzeltens kā vasksyellow as wax (i.e., very unhealthy)
  4. yellow (having a slightly darker skin color)
    dzeltenā rasethe yellow race
    ūdeņraža bumba nepazīst izņēmumu; tai ir vienādi visi: baltie, dzeltenie un melniethe hydrogen bomb knows no exceptions; to it, all people are the same: white, yellow, or black

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit
Colors in Latvian · krāsas (layout · text)
     sarkans, sārts      zaļš      dzeltens      ?      balts
     {{{crimson}}}      ?      ?      ?      rozā
     ?      zils      oranžs      pelēks      ?
     melns      violets      brūns      ?      ?

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “dzeltens”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7