See also: dzeltēns

Contents

LatvianEdit

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Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Derived ( +‎ -ens) from an old adjective dzelts ‎(yellow), found in old folk songs, and still in some dialects, but not in the standard language anymore (possibly due to homophony with dzelts ‎(stung, pricked)). It was the past participle of *dzelt, from Proto-Baltic *gel-, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰelh₃- ‎(to shine) (whence also zelts ‎(gold) and other color terms: compare zils ‎(blue), zaļš ‎(green)). Cognates include Lithuanian geltónas, Old Prussian gelatynan (probably a mistranscribed geltaynan; neut. pl.?), Proto-Slavic *žьltъ (< *gilt-) (Russian жёлтый ‎(žóltyj), Belarusian жоўты ‎(žóŭty), Ukrainian жовтий ‎(žóvtyj), Bulgarian жълт ‎(žǎlt), Czech žlutý, Polish żółty).[1]

PronunciationEdit

(file)

AdjectiveEdit

Dzeltens

dzeltens (def. dzeltenais, comp. dzeltenāks, sup. visdzeltenākais; adv. dzelteni)

  1. yellow (having the color of, e.g., gold, or of the dandelion flower)
    tumši, gaiši, koši dzeltens — dark, light, bright yellow
    dzeltens ziedsyellow flower
    dzeltens taurenisyellow butterfly
    dzeltena krāsa, gaismayellow color, light
    dzeltens papīrsyellow paper
  2. yellow (the color of old leaves)
    parkā rudens vējš dzenā dzeltenas, sakaltušas lapas — in the park, the autumn wind drives the yellow, dried leaves away
  3. yellow (without color, pale and unhealthy)
    dzeltens kā vasksyellow as wax (i.e., very unhealthy)
  4. yellow (having a slightly darker skin color)
    dzeltenā rase — the yellow race
    ūdeņraža bumba nepazīst izņēmumu; tai ir vienādi visi: baltie, dzeltenie un melnie — the hydrogen bomb knows no exceptions; to it, all people are the same: white, yellow, or black

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit
Colors in Latvian · krāsas (layout · text)
     sarkans, sārts      zaļš      dzeltens      ?      balts
     {{{crimson}}}      ?      ?      ?      rozā
     ?      zils      oranžs      pelēks      ?
     melns      violets      brūns      ?      ?

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “dzeltens”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7
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