Latin edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Italic *-īnos, from Proto-Indo-European *-iHnos. Cognate with Ancient Greek -ινος (-inos) and Proto-Germanic *-īnaz.

Pronunciation edit

Suffix edit

-īnus (feminine -īna, neuter -īnum); first/second-declension suffix

  1. Of or pertaining to; -ine; usually indicates a relationship of position, possession, or origin.

Usage notes edit

The suffix -īnus is added to a noun base (especially a proper noun) to form an adjective.

collis (hill) + ‎-īnus → ‎collīnus (of a hill, growing on a hill)
fungus (mushroom, fungus) + ‎-īnus → ‎fungīnus (of a mushroom)
Liguria (Liguria) + ‎-īnus → ‎Ligurīnus (Ligurian)

Declension edit

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative -īnus -īna -īnum -īnī -īnae -īna
Genitive -īnī -īnae -īnī -īnōrum -īnārum -īnōrum
Dative -īnō -īnō -īnīs
Accusative -īnum -īnam -īnum -īnōs -īnās -īna
Ablative -īnō -īnā -īnō -īnīs
Vocative -īne -īna -īnum -īnī -īnae -īna

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Catalan:
  • French: -in
  • English: -ine
  • Italian: -ino
  • Old Galician-Portuguese: ĩo
  • Romanian: -in
  • Sicilian: -inu
  • Spanish: -ino
  • Galician: -ino
  • Portuguese: -ino