This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.




  1. to call, cry, summon

Derived termsEdit

  • Unsorted formations:
    • Proto-Anatolian:
      • Hittite: [script needed] (kalgalinai-, to clang, clash), [script needed] (kalleš-, kalliš-, to evoke, summon)
    • Proto-Balto-Slavic:
    • Proto-Celtic: *kalyākos (rooster) (see there for further descendants)
    • Proto-Germanic: *halliz
    • Proto-Germanic: *hellaną (see there for further descendants)


  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7)‎[1], Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  2. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN