See also: he'll and Hell

EnglishEdit

 
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Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • enPR: hĕl, IPA(key): /hɛl/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛl

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English helle, from Old English hel, hell, helle (nether world, abode of the dead, hell), from Proto-Germanic *haljō (nether world, concealed place), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱel- (to cover, conceal, save). Cognate with Saterland Frisian Hälle (hell), West Frisian hel (hell), Dutch hel (hell), German Low German Hell (hell), German Hölle (hell), Norwegian helvete (hell), Icelandic hel (the abode of the dead, death). Also related to the Hel of Germanic mythology. See also hele.

Proper nounEdit

hell

  1. In various religions, the place where some or all spirits are believed to go after death
    • 1611, KJV, Proverbs, 23:14
      Thou shalt beat him with the rod, and shalt deliver his soul from hell.
  2. (in many religions, uncountable) The place where sinners suffer after death
    May you rot in hell!
    • 1667, John Milton, Paradise Lost:
      Better to reign in Hell than serve in Heaven.
    • 1916, James Joyce, Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man:
      Hell is a strait and dark and foul-smelling prison, an abode of demons and lost souls, filled with fire and smoke.
SynonymsEdit
AntonymsEdit
  • (in many religions, uncountable): heaven
TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

hell (countable and uncountable, plural hells)

  1. (countable, hyperbolic, figurative) A place or situation of great suffering in life.
    War is hell.
    I went through hell to get home today.
    • 1879, General William T. Sherman, commencement address at the Michigan Military Academy
      There is many a boy here today who looks on war as all glory, but, boys, it is all hell.
    • 1986, Metallica (music), “Disposable Heroes”, in Master of Puppets:
      Why, am I dying? / Kill, have no fear / Lie, live off lying / Hell, hell is here
  2. (countable) A place for gambling.
    • 1877, William Black, Green Pastures and Piccadilly
      a convenient little gambling hell for those who had grown reckless
    • 1906 January–October, Joseph Conrad, chapter II, in The Secret Agent: A Simple Tale, London: Methuen & Co., [], published 1907, OCLC 270548466; The Secret Agent: A Simple Tale (Collection of British Authors; 3995), copyright edition, Leipzig: Bernhard Tauchnitz, 1907, OCLC 1107573959, page 15:
      But there was also about him an indescribable air which no mechanic could have acquired in the practice of his handicraft however dishonestly exercised: [...] the air of moral nihilism common to keepers of gambling hells and disorderly houses; [...]
  3. (figurative) An extremely hot place.
    You don’t have a snowball's chance in hell.
  4. (sometimes considered vulgar) Used as an intensifier in phrases grammatically requiring a noun.
    I’m as mad as hell and I’m not going to take it any more.
    What the hell is wrong with you?!
    He says he’s going home early? Like hell he is.
  5. (obsolete) A place into which a tailor throws shreds, or a printer discards broken type.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Hudibras to this entry?)
  6. In certain games of chase, a place to which those who are caught are carried for detention.
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

InterjectionEdit

hell

  1. (impolite, sometimes considered vulgar) Used to express discontent, unhappiness, or anger.
    Oh, hell! I got another parking ticket.
  2. (impolite, sometimes considered vulgar) Used to emphasize.
    Hell, yeah!
  3. (impolite, sometimes considered vulgar) Used to introduce an intensified statement following an understated one; nay; not only that, but.
    [Do it, or, r]est assured, there will be no more Middle Eastern crisis – hell, there will be no more Middle East!
TranslationsEdit
See alsoEdit

AdverbEdit

hell (not comparable)

  1. (postpositional) Alternative form of the hell or like hell.
    • 1991, Stephen Fry, The Liar, p. 35:
      ‘I know whether a boy is telling me the truth or not.’
      ‘Thank you, sir.’
      Did he hell. They never bloody did.

Etymology 2Edit

From German hellen (to brighten, burnish). Related to Dutch hel (clear, bright) and German hell (clear, bright).

VerbEdit

hell (third-person singular simple present hells, present participle helling, simple past and past participle helled)

  1. (rare, metal-working) To add luster to, burnish (silver or gold).
    • 1770, Godfrey Smith, The Laboratory: Or, School of Arts
      To hell gold or gilt workː take two ounces of tartar, two ounces of sulfur.. and it will give it a fine luster.
ReferencesEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From Old Norse hella (to pour). Cognate with Icelandic hella (to pour), Norwegian helle (to pour), Swedish hälla (to pour). See also hield.

VerbEdit

hell (third-person singular simple present hells, present participle helling, simple past and past participle helled)

  1. (rare) To pour.
    • (Can we date this quote by Harvest and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      Gosh, the sickle went into me handː Down hell'd the blood.
ReferencesEdit

AlbanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Albanian *skōla, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kol- (stake); compare Lithuanian kuõlas, Polish kół, Ancient Greek σκύλος (skúlos).

NounEdit

hell m

  1. skewer
  2. spear
  3. icicle

CornishEdit

NounEdit

hell

  1. Aspirate mutation of kell.

EstonianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Of Finnic origin. Cognate to Finnish hellä and Votic ellä.

AdjectiveEdit

hell (genitive hella, partitive hella)

  1. tender, gentle

DeclensionEdit


GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German hel (resounding, loud, shining, bright), from Old High German hel (resounding), from Proto-Germanic *halliz (resounding), from Proto-Germanic *hellaną (to resound, make a sound), from Proto-Indo-European *kelh₁- (to call, make noise). Cognate with Dutch hel.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

hell (comparative heller, superlative am hellsten)

  1. clear, bright, light
    • 1918, Elisabeth von Heyking, Die Orgelpfeifen, in: Zwei Erzählungen, Phillipp Reclam jun. Verlag, page 9:
      So dunkel und schauerlich die Gruft aussah, wenn man durch die blinden, bestaubten Scheibchen der kleinen Fenster hineinblickte, so hell und freundlich war oben die Kirche.
      Just as dark and eerie the crypt looked like, if one looked in it through the cloudy, dusted little panes of the small windows, as bright and friendly was the church above.

DeclensionEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • hell in Duden online

LuxembourgishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old High German hel. Cognate with German helle, Dutch hel.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

hell (masculine hellen, neuter hellt, comparative méi hell, superlative am hellsten)

  1. clear, bright
  2. light, pale

DeclensionEdit


Norwegian BokmålEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse heill.

NounEdit

hell n (definite singular hellet, indefinite plural hell, definite plural hella or hellene)

  1. luck

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the main entry.

VerbEdit

hell

  1. imperative of helle

Further readingEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

EtymologyEdit

Ultimately from Old Norse heill.

NounEdit

hell n (definite singular hellet, indefinite plural hell, definite plural hella)

  1. luck

Further readingEdit


Old EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-West Germanic *hallju, from Proto-Germanic *haljō, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ḱel- (to cover, hide, conceal).

Compare German hell (light).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

hell f

  1. hell

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Middle English: helle