Borrowed from Latin classis. Doublet of class.



classis (plural classes)

  1. (obsolete) A class or order; sort; kind.
  2. (religion) An ecclesiastical body or judicatory in certain churches, such as the Reformed Dutch. It is intermediate between the consistory and the synod, and corresponds to the presbytery in the Presbyterian church.
    • 1982, Keith L. Sprunger, Dutch Puritanism
      At Utrecht and Breda there was strong pressure from the Dutch Reformed Church to exclude from employment British preachers who refused to take membership in the classis.
  3. (biology, taxonomy) A category in the classification of organisms, ranking below divisio and above ordo.
    Synonym: order

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for classis in
Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)



Borrowed from Latin classis.


  • IPA(key): /ˈklɑ.sɪs/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: clas‧sis


classis f (plural classes)

  1. (Protestantism) a supracongregational, regional executive body, intermediate in size or rank between the consistory of an individual congregation and a provincial synod.

Related termsEdit



From Proto-Italic *klāssis, from Proto-Indo-European *kelh₁- (to call, shout). Cognate with Latin calō, clāmō, clārus, concilium, Ancient Greek καλέω (kaléō).



classis f (genitive classis); third declension

  1. any one of the five divisions into which Servius Tullius divided the Roman citizenry
  2. the armed forces
  3. fleet
  4. a group, rank, or class
  5. a class (of students)


Third-declension noun (i-stem, ablative singular in -e or occasionally ).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative classis classēs
Genitive classis classium
Dative classī classibus
Accusative classem classēs
Ablative classe
Vocative classis classēs



  • classis in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • classis in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • classis in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • classis in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to spend money: pecuniam erogare (in classem)
    • to build a ship, a fleet: navem, classem aedificare, facere, efficere, instituere
    • to equip a boat, a fleet: navem (classem) armare, ornare, instruere
    • to make fast boats to anchors: naves (classem) constituere (in alto)
    • to sink a ship, a fleet: navem, classem deprimere, mergere
    • the fleets charge: classes concurrunt (Liv. 26. 39)
  • classis in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016
  • classis in Richard Stillwell et al., editor (1976) The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites, Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press