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See also: Hel, hæl, and he'l

Contents

DanishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse heill, from Proto-Germanic *hailaz.

AdjectiveEdit

hel

  1. whole
  2. full
  3. entire
  4. intact, undamaged
  5. complete
  6. the hour, top of the hour
InflectionEdit
Inflection of hel
Positive Comparative Superlative
Common singular hel 2
Neuter singular helt 2
Plural hele 2
Definite attributive1 hele
1) When an adjective is applied predicatively to something definite, the corresponding "indefinite" form is used.
2) The "indefinite" superlatives may not be used attributively.

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the main entry.

VerbEdit

hel

  1. imperative of hele

DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ɦɛl/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛl

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Dutch helle, from Old Dutch hella, from Proto-Germanic *haljō, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱel- (to cover, hide, conceal).

NounEdit

hel f (plural hellen, diminutive helletje n)

  1. (religion, mythology) hell, a diabolical aftermath
  2. (figuratively) a terrible place or ordeal
    Hij maakte daarmee haar leven tot een hel.
    With that he made her life into a hell.
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Cognate with German hell.

AdjectiveEdit

hel (comparative heller, superlative helst)

  1. (archaic) bright
InflectionEdit
Inflection of hel
uninflected hel
inflected helle
comparative heller
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial hel heller het helst
het helste
indefinite m./f. sing. helle hellere helste
n. sing. hel heller helste
plural helle hellere helste
definite helle hellere helste
partitive hels hellers

Etymology 3Edit

Cognate with English hall.

NounEdit

hel ? (plural hellen, diminutive helletje n)

  1. hall, frozen spot

Etymology 4Edit

VerbEdit

hel

  1. first-person singular present indicative of hellen
  2. imperative of hellen

ReferencesEdit

  • Dr. P.A.F. van Veen e.a., Etymologisch Woordenboek. De herkomst van onze woorden., Van Dale Lexicografie, 1989 [Dutch etymological dictionary, in Dutch]

IcelandicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse hel, from Proto-Germanic *haljō, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱel- (to cover, hide, conceal).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

hel f (genitive singular heljar, no plural)

  1. hell (underworld), death

DeclensionEdit

The dative helju also occurs, mainly in the phrase heimta úr helju. The word is normally not used with suffixed article, but the genitive definite form, heljarinnar, occurs as an intensifier (meaning something like “hell of a”).

Related termsEdit


KurdishEdit

LimburgishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Older Limburgish hèl, from Middle Dutch helle, from Old Dutch hella, from Proto-Germanic *haljō, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱel- (to cover, hide, conceal).

NounEdit

hel f

  1. hell
  2. (figuratively) a bad place to be
InflectionEdit
Inflection
Root singular Root plural Diminutive singular Diminutive plural
Nominative hel ? helke helkes
Genitive hels ? helkes helkes
Locative helles helleser helleske helleskes
Dative¹ helle ? ? ?
Accusative¹ hel ? helke helkes
  • Dative and accusative are nowadays obsolete, use nominative instead.

Etymology 2Edit

From earlier helle.

AdjectiveEdit

hel (comparative helder, superlative hels, predicative superlative 't hèls)

  1. hard, tough, difficult
  2. hard, rough, pointed
  3. hard, heavy
  4. hard, solid
  5. loud
DeclensionEdit

Norwegian BokmålEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse heill (whole, complete), from Proto-Germanic *hailaz.

Alternative formsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

hel (neuter singular helt, definite singular and plural hele)

  1. whole, unbroken
    Hun har ikke røykt på en hel uke.
    She hasn't smoked for a whole week.
    Jeg vet ikke, hele denne greia virker litt risikabel for meg.
    I don't know, this whole thing seems a little risky to me.
    Jeg tror ikke han forstår hvorfor, Harry, men han hadde det så travelt med å kveste sin egen sjel at han aldri tok seg tid til å forstå den uforliknelige kraft i en sjel som er uplettet og hel. (from page 463 of the Norwegian translation of Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Harry Potter og Halvblodsprinsen)
    I do not think he understands why, Harry, but he was in such a hurry to mutilate his own soul, he never paused to understand the incomparable power of a soul that is untarnished and whole. (from page 478 of the original British version of Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince)
  2. pure, all
    Jeg fikk tak i en genser i hel ull, den blir god å ha når vinteren kommer.
    I got myself a pure wool sweater, it'll come in handy when winter arrives.
  3. (used as a noun) it, all of it, the whole/entire thing
    Og det beste ved det hele er at jeg slipper å se deg i to, hele måneder!
    And the best part of it is that I don't have to see you for two whole months!
SynonymsEdit
whole, unbroken, pure
Derived termsEdit

See also terms derived from heil

Etymology 2Edit

VerbEdit

hel

  1. imperative of hele

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse hel, from Proto-Germanic *haljō, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱel- (to cover, hide, conceal).

NounEdit

hel (not inflected or declined in any way)

  1. only used in with preposition i, "in, to": i hel, "to death, dead"

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • hel” in The Ordnett Dictionary
  • “hel” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Old SaxonEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *haljō, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱel- (to cover, hide, conceal).

NounEdit

hel f

  1. hell

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Middle Low German: helle
    • Westphalian:
      Sauerländisch: Helle
      Westmünsterländisch: Helle f, Hell m
    • Plautdietsch: Hal

PapiamentuEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Dutch geel.

AdjectiveEdit

hel

  1. yellow

PolishEdit

Chemical element
He Previous: wodór (H)
Next: lit (Li)

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

hel m inan

  1. helium

DeclensionEdit


SomaliEdit

VerbEdit

hel

  1. to like
  2. to find

SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse heill, from Proto-Germanic *hailaz.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

hel (comparative helare, superlative helast)

  1. whole; complete
  2. not broken; in order

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of hel
Indefinite Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular hel helare helast
Neuter singular helt helare helast
Plural hela helare helast
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 hele helare helaste
All hela helare helaste
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in the predicative.

WelshEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

hel (first-person singular present helaf)

  1. to send, to drive, to chase
  2. to collect, to gather
  3. to frequent, to visit often

ConjugationEdit

SynonymsEdit

MutationEdit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
hel unchanged unchanged unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.