This Proto-Indo-Iranian entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-Iranian edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Indo-European *ní.

Adverb edit


  1. down, downwards
  2. in, into
  3. engrave, inscribe

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Proto-Indo-Aryan: *ní
  • Proto-Iranian: *ní
    • Central Iranian:
    • Northeastern Iranian:
      • Khotanese: ni-, nä-
      • Sogdian: [script needed] (n-) (in [script needed] (npys-, to write down))
    • Northwestern Iranian:
      • Northern Kurdish: ni- (eg. in nivistin (to sleep))
      • Parthian: n-
    • Southwestern Iranian:
      • Old Persian: 𐎴 (ni) (in 𐎴-𐎱𐎮𐎹 (ni-padiy, on the trail of))
        • Middle Persian: n- (ni)
          • Persian: ن-(ne) (eg. in نشستن(nešastan, to sit))
  • Proto-Nuristani: *ní
    • Northern Nuristani:
      • Kamkata-viri:
        Kamviri: ni
        Kativiri: ni
      • Prasuni: n- (downriver)

References edit

  1. ^ Lubotsky, Alexander (2011) The Indo-Aryan Inherited Lexicon (in progress) (Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Project), Leiden University