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EnglishEdit

NounEdit

ni

  1. (linguistics) Initialism of noun inanimate.

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit


AlbanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Albanian *nū, from Proto-Indo-European *nū (now). Cognate to Sanskrit नू (, now). Often occurs in coordination with other particles, compare tani, nani, nime.

AdverbEdit

ni

  1. now

Alternative formsEdit

Related termsEdit


AsturianEdit

NounEdit

ni f (uncountable)

  1. nu (name for the letter of the Greek alphabet: Ν and ν)

BasqueEdit

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

ni

  1. I (first-person singular personal pronoun)
    • 1989, Gorka Aulestia, Basque-English Dictionary, William A. Douglas, page 53
      Ni errege izan nintzen.
      I was king.
    • 2013, Patricio Urquizu Sarasua, Gramática de la lengua vasca, Universidad Nacional de Educación de Distancia, page 154
      Ni etorri naiz.
      I have come.

BiloxiEdit

NounEdit

ni

  1. Synonym of ani (water)

ReferencesEdit


BretonEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Brythonic *ni, from Proto-Celtic *snīs.

PronounEdit

ni

  1. we (first-person plural personal pronoun)

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Brythonic *nei, from Proto-Celtic *neɸūss, from Proto-Indo-European *népōts.

NounEdit

ni m (plural nied)

  1. nephew

CatalanEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

ConjunctionEdit

ni

  1. neither, nor

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

ni f (plural nis)

  1. Nu; the Greek letter Ν (lowercase ν).

DanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse níu, from Proto-Germanic *newun, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁néwn̥ (nine).

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

ni

  1. (cardinal) nine

EsperantoEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Italian noi, French nous, Spanish nos, Latin nos, plus the i of personal pronouns.

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

ni (first-person plural, accusative nin, possessive nia)

  1. we (first-person plural personal pronoun)
    Ni batis lin.
    We hit him.
  2. ourselves
    Ni diris al ni.
    We said to ourselves.

FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle French ny, from Old French ne, from Latin nec.

PronunciationEdit

ConjunctionEdit

ni

  1. neither; nor

Usage notesEdit

  • Chiefly used at least twice in the same sentence, such as ni riche, ni pauvre (neither rich nor poor).

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit


GothicEdit

RomanizationEdit

ni

  1. Romanization of 𐌽𐌹

HausaEdit

PronounEdit

  1. I (1st person singular pronoun)

HungarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

PronunciationEdit

InterjectionEdit

ni

  1. lo!, look!
    itt van ni - look! here it is!

IdiEdit

IdoEdit

PronounEdit

ni

  1. (personal) we (first-person plural personal pronoun)

InterlinguaEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French and Spanish ni, from Latin nec (and not).

AdverbEdit

ni

  1. and not.
    Io non sape, ni vole saperI don’t know, and I don’t want to know
  2. Neither, nor.
    Illo ni me place ni displaceIt neither pleases me nor displeases me
  3. And, or (following a "with no" or "without").
    Nos debe resister sin aqua ni alimentoWe must resist with no water or food

ItalianEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • Rhymes: -i

AdverbEdit

ni

  1. (informal) Neither yes nor no (a play on no and si).

NounEdit

 
Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

ni m, f (invariable)

  1. nu (Greek letter)

AnagramsEdit


JapaneseEdit

RomanizationEdit

ni

  1. Rōmaji transcription of
  2. Rōmaji transcription of

KamanoEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

ni

  1. water

ReferencesEdit


KansaEdit

NounEdit

ni

  1. water
  2. any liquid
  3. river

ReferencesEdit


Kedah MalayEdit

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

ni

  1. you (singular)

KlaoEdit

NounEdit

ni

  1. water

ReferencesEdit


LatinEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • nei (in old orthography)

EtymologyEdit

From Old Latin nei, from Proto-Indo-European *néy (not), from *ne. Cognates include Gothic 𐌽𐌴𐌹 (nei), Lithuanian nei, Old Church Slavonic ни (ni) and Old Irish . See also .

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

  1. not, if...not, unless- an absolutely negative particle like ne so only in combinations

Derived termsEdit

ConjunctionEdit

  1. not, that not, unless; like ne in imperative and intentional clauses
    Ni quid tibi hinc in spem referas.
    Vinum aliudve quid ni laudato.
    Numa constituit, ut pisces, qui squamosi non essent, ni pollucerent ... ni qui ad polluctum emerent.

LivonianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Akin to Finnish nyt.

AdverbEdit

ni

  1. now

LuxembourgishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German nie, from Old High German nio. Cognate with German nie.

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

ni

  1. never

SynonymsEdit


MalayEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Shortened form of ini, from Proto-Malayic *(i)ni(ʔ), from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *(i-)ni, from Proto-Austronesian *(i-)ni.

PronunciationEdit

DeterminerEdit

ni

  1. this (the (thing) here)
  2. this (known (thing) just mentioned)
  3. this (known (thing) about to be mentioned)
  4. this (known (thing) that the speaker does not think is known to the audience)

PronounEdit

ni

  1. this (The thing, item, etc. being indicated)

MandarinEdit

RomanizationEdit

ni (Zhuyin ㄋㄧ˙)

  1. Nonstandard spelling of .
  2. Nonstandard spelling of .
  3. Nonstandard spelling of .
  4. Nonstandard spelling of .

Usage notesEdit

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

MarshalleseEdit

NounEdit

ni

  1. coconut

NavajoEdit

PronounEdit

ni

  1. second person singular pronoun you
    • Shí dóó ni ayóo ałk’is niidlį́.
      You and I are really good friends.
  2. second person singular possessive pronoun yours
    • Díí naaltsoos éí ni.
      This book is yours.

Usage notesEdit

The verb in Navajo incorporates information about person, and many sentences may thus not have explicit independent pronouns. For instance:

  • Hooghandi naniná.
  • Ni éí hooghandi naniná.

Both sentences are grammatically complete, and mean essentially the same thing: you are at home. The verb naniná is in the second-person form, so the pronoun can be safely omitted, as in the first sentence. This is similar to pronoun dropping in other languages where the verb specifies person, such as Spanish. Meanwhile, the explicit use of ni in the second sentence emphasizes that the speaker is talking about you. This can be thought of as roughly equivalent to the use of emphasis in English: while the first sentence comes across as you're at home, the second one is more like you, you're at home.

See alsoEdit


NingilEdit

NounEdit

ni

  1. water

ReferencesEdit

  • transnewguinea.org, citing D. C. Laycock, Languages of the Lumi Subdistrict (West Sepik District), New Guinea (1968), Oceanic Linguistics, 7 (1): 36-66 : /niː/
  • Margaret Manning, Naomi Saggers, A Tentative Phonemic Analysis of Ningil (SIL), in Phonologies of five Austronesian languages (Richard Loving, John M. Clifton; 1975) : /ni/

Norwegian BokmålEdit

Norwegian cardinal numbers
 <  8 9 10  > 
    Cardinal : ni
    Ordinal : niende

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse níu (whence also Danish ni, Icelandic níu, Faroese níggju and Swedish nio) from Proto-Germanic *newun, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁néwn̥. Cognate with Gothic 𐌽𐌹𐌿𐌽 (niun); Old English niġon (English nine); Old Frisian nigun (West Frisian njoggen); Old High German niun (German neun).

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

ni

  1. (cardinal) nine

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse níu

NumeralEdit

ni

  1. (cardinal) nine

ReferencesEdit


NovialEdit

ConjunctionEdit

nek ... ni

  1. neither ... nor

NutabeEdit

NounEdit

ni

  1. water

ReferencesEdit


Old High GermanEdit

PronunciationEdit

ParticleEdit

ni

  1. not

Omaha-PoncaEdit

NounEdit

ni

  1. water

ReferencesEdit

  • Alice Cunningham Fletcher, ‎Francis La Flesche, The Omaha Tribe (1970), page 166

PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Ancient Greek νῦ ().

NounEdit

ni f (plural nis)

  1. nu (the thirteenth letter of the Greek alphabet).

RomanianEdit

PronounEdit

ni

  1. Alternative form of ne: to us

Usage notesEdit

This form is used when ne (which is dative) is combined with the following accusatives:

  • îl (the accusative of el, contracted as ni-l)
  • îi (the accusative of ei, contracted as ni-i)
  • le (the accusative of ele)
  • se (the reflexive accusative of all third-person pronouns)

See alsoEdit


SamoanEdit

ArticleEdit

ni

  1. some (plural indefinite article)

Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *ni (nor, not), from Proto-Balto-Slavic *nej, from Proto-Indo-European *ney. Compare ni-, ne.

ParticleEdit

ni (Cyrillic spelling ни)

  1. (emphasizes negation) even, either
    ni ja to ne znam — even I don't know that; I don't know that either
    nisam hteo/htio ni da čujem za pr(ij)edlog — I didn't even want to listen about the proposal

ConjunctionEdit

ni (Cyrillic spelling ни)

  1. neither, nor
    ona nije ni pametna ni(ti) marljiva — she is neither smart nor industrious
    ni traga ni glasa o .. — not a trace about ..
    ni kriv ni dužan — completely innocent


SicilianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

ni

  1. us, accusative of nuàutri
  2. us, dative of nuàutri
  3. us, reflexive of nuàutri

InflectionEdit

nominative nuàutri
prepositional nuàutri
accusative ni
dative ni
reflexive ni
possessive nostru

See alsoEdit


SpanishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin nec.

ConjunctionEdit

ni

  1. (coordinating) neither... nor
    Ni Juan, ni Pedro ni Felipe te darán la razón.
    Neither John, nor Peter, nor Phillip will give you the reason.
  2. nor, or
    No descansa de día ni de noche.
    He doesn't rest at day or at night.

AdverbEdit

ni

  1. not even, even
    No descansaba ni por un minuto
    I didn't rest even for a minute.
AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

ni f (plural níes)

  1. nu; the Greek letter Ν, ν
SynonymsEdit

SwahiliEdit

VerbEdit

ni

  1. is

InfixEdit

ni

  1. Marks a verb's object as 1st person singular.
    wananipenda
    They like me

SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Since 1661, through contraction of the Old Swedish verb suffix -(e)n and the older pronoun I, e.g. vissten I > visste ni (“did you know”). Compare Icelandic þér and þið which developed similarly. The Old Swedish ī, ir derive from Old Norse ír, variant of ér, þér, from Proto-Germanic *jūz, from Proto-Indo-European *yū́.

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

ni

  1. you (plural nominative)
  2. you (second-person singular nominative formal) (capitalized Ni, rare in modern use)

Usage notesEdit

Both ni and er are second person plural forms, but can also be used as formal second person singular, as in the German Sie or French vous. It may sometimes also be capitalized (Ni, Er) The courteous "ni" was introduced in Swedish around the year 1900 as an alternative to the more complicated pattern of addressing others in the third person singular by their appropriate titles. This required knowledge of social status, occupation, educations, etc. with terms like fru (Mrs.) or fröken (Ms.), greve (count), kamrer (accountant), kandidat (bachelor's degree holder), etc. This was phased out gradually during the 1960s and 1970s in the so-called du-reformen, (“the you-reform”). In contemporary Swedish, du is universal and may be used to address anyone, regardless of differences in social status or age.

Ni is used occasionally by younger speakers to address customers, though this is often seen as being overly formal and too contrived, especially by older speakers. Formality and politeness in Swedish is not conveyed through specific grammatical forms, is primarily done through indirectness, manners of speaking or various other behavior.

DeclensionEdit


TagalogEdit

PronunciationEdit

PrepositionEdit

ni

  1. Of; possessive particle. Used only with personal names.
    Bisikleta ni Juan
    Juan's bicycle
  2. Objective marker for personal names—objective form of si; functional equivalent of ng.

UnamiEdit

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

ni

  1. I

Ura (Vanuatu)Edit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ni

  1. tree

Further readingEdit

  • Terry Crowley, Ura: A Disappearing Language of Southern Vanuatu (1999)

UzbekEdit

ParticleEdit

ni (Cyrillic ни)

  1. accusative case marker. It is placed after the direct object of a transitive verb.
    Men O'zbek tilini o'rganyapman.
    I am studying Uzbek.

VepsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Russian ни (ni).

DeterminerEdit

ni

  1. not, not a, no

InflectionEdit

Not inflected.

ConjunctionEdit

ni ... ni

  1. neither ... nor

ReferencesEdit

  • Zajceva, N. G.; Mullonen, M. I. (2007), “ни”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary], Petrozavodsk: Periodika

WelshEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Brythonic *ni, from Proto-Celtic *snīs.

PronounEdit

ni

  1. us; we
Usage notesEdit

In South Wales, the pronoun ni can be used by itself colloquially where the affirmative first-person plural present tense of the verb ‘to be’ (ŷn) would be expected, e.g. Ni’n mynd i edrych o gwmpas yr amgueddfa. (We’re going to look around the museum.) instead of Ŷn ni’n mynd....

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Celtic *nīs, from Proto-Indo-European *ne h₁ésti (is not).

AdverbEdit

ni

  1. not

YilEdit

NounEdit

ni

  1. water

ReferencesEdit

  • transnewguinea.org, citing D. C. Laycock, Languages of the Lumi Subdistrict (West Sepik District), New Guinea (1968), Oceanic Linguistics, 7 (1): 36-66 : /niː/
  • A Tentative Phonemic Statement in Yil in West Sepik Province, in Phonologies of five Austronesian languages (Richard Loving, John M. Clifton; 1975) : /ni/

ZuluEdit

Etymology 1Edit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

AdjectiveEdit

-ni?

  1. what (kind of)
InflectionEdit
Enumerative concord, tone class H
Modifier
Class 1 muni
Class 2 bani
Class 3 muni
Class 4 mini
Class 5 lini
Class 6 mani
Class 7 sini
Class 8 zini
Class 9 yini
Class 10 zini
Class 11 luni
Class 14 buni
Class 15 kuni
Class 17 kuni

Etymology 2Edit

Non-lemma forms.

PronounEdit

-ni

  1. Combining stem of nina.

ReferencesEdit