Reconstruction:Proto-Sino-Tibetan/səj

Asterisk.svg
This Proto-Sino-Tibetan entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Sino-TibetanEdit

EtymologyEdit

  • Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *syid (Coblin, 1986)
    • Tibeto-Burman: *səy (Matisoff, STEDT; French, 1983); *səy, *siy (Weidert, 1987; Chou, 1972); *siy = *səy (LaPolla, 1987); *siy (Benedict, 1972; Michailovsky, 1991); *syiy(?) (Coblin, 1986)

Chinese / ("corpse") perhaps belongs here too.

VerbEdit

*səj

  1. to die

DescendantsEdit

  • Old Chinese: /*sijʔ/ (B-S); /*l̥jiʔ/ (ZS) ("to die")
    (in the oracle bone script)  
    • Middle Chinese: (siɪX)

         Japanese:   (, ​shi)
            Korean:   (, sa)
            Vietnamese:  tử ()

      • Modern Mandarin
        • Beijing: (, /sz̩²¹⁴/)
      • Cantonese
        • Guangzhou: /sei³⁵/, /ɕiː³⁵/
      • Wu
        • Shanghai: /ɕi³⁴/ (colloquial), /sz̩³⁴/ (literary)
    • Min
      • Min Nan
        • Taiwan: /ɕi⁵¹/ (colloquial), /su⁵¹/ (literary)
  • Himalayish
    • Tibeto-Kanauri
      • Bodic
        • Tibetan
          • Dzongkha: ཤི (to die, to wilt, to dampen) (shi)
          • Written Tibetan: འཆི་བ ('chi ba, to die; to be destroyed) (pf. ཤི (shi))
  • Tangut-Qiang
    • Northern Tangut
      • Tangut: 𗈶 (sjɨ, /*sʲʏ⁵⁵/, to die), 𗴨 (sjɨ̣, /*sʲʏɚ⁵⁵/, to die)
    • rGyalrongic
  • Lolo-Burmese-Naxi
    • Lolo-Burmese
      • Burmish
        • Burmese: သေ (se, to die)
      • Loloish
        • Northern Loloish
          • Yi (Liangshan): (sy, to die; to extinguish, to smother)
  • Karen: *sejᴬ (Luangthongkum, 2013)
    • S'gaw Karen: သံ (si, to die, to perish)

See alsoEdit