Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/děti

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-SlavicEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *dḗˀtei, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰéh₁ti, from *dʰeh₁- (to do).

VerbEdit

*děti impf (perfective *děnǫti)[1]

  1. to do
  2. to put, to place
    → to put on clothes
  3. to thread, to pass through, to brace
ConjugationEdit
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • East Slavic:
    • Belarusian: дзець (dzjecʹ)
    • Russian: деть (detʹ)
    • Ukrainian: ді́ти (díty)
  • South Slavic:
  • West Slavic:
    • Czech: dít (to take place)
    • Polish: dziać (to happen)
    • Slovak: diať sa (to be done)

From an extended form *dějati:

Further readingEdit

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) , “деть”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubačóv, Moscow: Progress
  • Trubačóv, Oleg, editor (1977) , “*dě(ja)ti”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ slavjanskix jazykov [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), volume 04, Moscow: Nauka, page 229
  • Georgiev Vl. I., editor (1971) , “дея”, in Български етимологичен речник [Bulgarian Etymological Dictionary] (in Bulgarian), volume 1, Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, page 351

Etymology 2Edit

See *dětь.

NounEdit

*děti f[2][3]

  1. children (plural of *dětь)
Usage notesEdit

May have functioned as a plurale tantum in Proto-Slavic, with the singular handled by *dětę.

ConjugationEdit
DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) , “*děti I”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 104: “v. ‘do, say’”
  2. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) , “*děti II”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 104: “Npl. f. ‘children’”
  3. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001) , “děti”, in Common Slavic accentological word list, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “f.pl.tant. c children (PR 138)”