Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/-akъ

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-SlavicEdit

EtymologyEdit

Deverbal derivations are easily secondary, motivated by parallel formations, e.g.

Comparison with cognates in other Indo-European languages indicates antiquity of deadjectival formations:

Cognate with Proto-Celtic *-ākos (see Etymology 2).

SuffixEdit

*-akъ m

  1. Deadjectival, forming nouns denoting a carrier of a property.
    *junъ (young)*junakъ (a young man)
    *novъ (new)*novakъ (novice)
    *lěvъ (left)*lěvakъ (left-handed man)
    *svojь (one's own)*svojakъ (relative, cousin)
  2. Denominal, forming nouns denoting something connected in meaning to the base-word.
    *rodъ (kin)*roďakъ (relative, cousin)
    *kory (root)*koreňakъ (native, one from the root)
    *moře (sea)*mořakъ (sailor)
    *ryba (fish)*rybakъ (fishing)
  3. Denominal, forming masculine counterparts of feminine nouns.
    *gǫsь (goose)*gǫsakъ (gander)
  4. Deverbal, from the root, forming agent nouns.
    *prositi (to ask; beg)*prosjakъ >*prošakъ (beggar; asker)

DeclensionEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • *-jakъ (causing iotation of the preceding consonant)

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • East Slavic:
    • Old East Slavic: -акъ (-akŭ)
  • South Slavic:
  • West Slavic:

Further readingEdit