This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From earlier *grebtì, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *grebtei, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰrebʰ-. Cognate with Lithuanian grė́bti (to seize, to rob, to rake), Latvian grebt (to seize, to scrape, to excavate), Sanskrit गृह्णाति (gṛhṇā́ti), गृभ्णाति (gṛbhṇā́ti, to seize, to hold, to take), Gothic 𐌲𐍂𐌰𐌱𐌰𐌽 (graban, to dig), English grab. Per Derksen, the acute vowel of Lithuanian grė́bti is analogical after gróbti (to seize).

Note the development of the infinitive: *grebtì > *gretì (by regular sound change) > *grestì (by analogy with other consonant-stem verbs, most of which have infinitives in -*sti or -*zti) > *grebstì (by analogy with the stem *greb-, only in some languages).


*gretì impf[1][2]

  1. to dig, to scrape
  2. to rake


Derived termsEdit


Further readingEdit


  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*gretì”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 186: “v. (c) ‘dig, scrape, rake’”
  2. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001), “grebti: grebǫ grebetь”, in Common Slavic accentological word list, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “c grave, ro (PR 139)”