From Middle English scrapen, from Old Norse skrapa (“to scrape, scratch”) and Old English scrapian (“to scrape, scratch”), both from Proto-Germanic *skrapōną, *skrepaną (“to scrape, scratch”), from Proto-Indo-European *skreb- (“to engrave”). Cognate with Dutch schrapen (“to scrape”), schrappen (“to strike through; to cancel; to scrap”), schrabben (“to scratch”), German schrappen (“to scrape”), Danish skrabe (“to scrape”), Icelandic skrapa (“to scrape”), Walloon screper (“to scrape”), Latin scribō (“dig with a pen, draw, write”).
scrape (third-person singular simple present scrapes, present participle scraping, simple past and past participle scraped)
- (transitive, intransitive) To draw (an object, especially a sharp or angular one), along (something) while exerting pressure.
- She scraped her fingernails across the blackboard, making a shrill sound.
- She scraped the blackboard with her fingernails.
- Her fingernails scraped across the blackboard.
- (transitive) To remove (something) by drawing an object along in this manner.
- Scrape the chewing gum off with a knife.
- (transitive) To injure or damage by rubbing across a surface.
- She tripped on a rock and scraped her knee.
- (transitive) To barely manage to achieve.
- I scraped a pass in the exam.
- (transitive) To collect or gather, especially without regard to the quality of what is chosen.
- Just use whatever you can scrape together.
- (computing) To extract data by automated means from a format not intended to be machine-readable, such as a screenshot or a formatted web page.
- (intransitive) To occupy oneself with getting laboriously.
- He scraped and saved until he became rich.
1595 December 9 (first known performance), William Shakespeare, “The life and death of King Richard the Second”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act V, scene iii]:
And he shall spend mine honour with his shame, As thriftless sons their scraping fathers' gold
- (transitive, intransitive) To play awkwardly and inharmoniously on a violin or similar instrument.
- To draw back the right foot along the ground or floor when making a bow.
- To express disapprobation of (a play, etc.) or to silence (a speaker) by drawing the feet back and forth upon the floor; usually with down.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Macaulay to this entry?)
terms derived from scrape (verb)
draw an object along while exerting pressure
- Armenian: քերել (hy) (kʿerel)
- Belarusian: скрэ́бці impf (skrébci)
- Mandarin: 刮 (zh) (guā), 擦 (zh) (cā), 刮削 (zh) (guāxiāo), 削 (zh) (xiāo)
- Czech: škrábat impf
- Esperanto: skrapi
- Estonian: kriipima, kraapima, kraapama, kraapsima
- Finnish: raaputtaa (fi)
- French: gratter (fr)
- Galician: ripar, rapar, rafar, raspiñar (gl), eslasar, adoxar
- German: abkratzen (de), kratzen (de), schaben (de), scharren (de), schrammen (de)
- Ancient: ξύω (xúō)
- Italian: grattare (it), graffiare (it)
- Japanese: 削る (けずる, kezuru), 擦る (ja) (こする, kosuru)
- Korean: 긁다 (ko) (geukda)
- Latin: rādō
- Maori: hākuku, wharowharo
cause to be in a certain state by scraping
injure by scraping
- Galician: rabuñarse, aruñarse, esgarnancharse, gaduñarse, caritarse, raspuñarse
- Italian: (please verify) graffiare (it), (please verify) sbucciarsi
- Portuguese: ralar (pt)
- Russian: цара́пать (ru) impf (carápatʹ), поцара́пать (ru) pf (pocarápatʹ), оцара́пать (ru) pf (ocarápatʹ)
- Sanskrit: रदति (sa) (radati)
- Spanish: arañarse (es), rasparse
- Walloon: si digreter, si dischaver (wa), si screper (wa)
scrape (plural scrapes)
- A broad, shallow injury left by scraping (rather than a cut or a scratch).
- He fell on the sidewalk and got a scrape on his knee.
- A fight, especially a fistfight without weapons.
- He got in a scrape with the school bully.
- An awkward set of circumstances.
- I'm in a bit of a scrape — I've no money to buy my wife a birthday present.
- (Britain, slang) A D and C or abortion; or, a miscarriage.
- 1972, in U.S. Senate Subcommittee to Investigate the Administration of the Internal Security Act and Other Internal Security Laws, Abuse of psychiatry for political repression in the Soviet Union. Hearing, Ninety-second Congress, second session, United States Government Printing Office, page 127,
- It’s quite possible, in view of the diagnosis ‘danger of miscarriage’, that they might drag me off, give me a scrape and then say that the miscarriage began itself.
- 1980, John Cobb, Babyshock: A Mother’s First Five Years, Hutchinson, page 232,
- In expert hands abortion nowadays is almost the same as having a scrape (D & C) and due to improved techniques such as suction termination, and improved lighter anaesthetic, most women feel no worse than having a tooth out.
- 1985, Beverley Raphael, The Anatomy of Bereavement: a handbook for the caring professions, Routledge, →ISBN, page 236,
- The loss is significant to the woman and will be stated as such by her. For her it is not “nothing,” “just a scrape,” or “not a life.” It is the beginning of a baby. Years later, she may recall it not just as a miscarriage but also as a baby that was lost.
- 1999, David Jenkins, Listening to Gynaecological Patients\ Problems, Springer, →ISBN, page 16,
- 17.Have you had a scrape or curettage recently?
- A shallow depression used by ground birds as a nest; a nest scrape.
- 1948, in Behaviour: An International Journal of Comparative Ethology, E. J. Brill, page 103,
- We knew from U. Weidmann’s work (1956) that Black-headed Gulls could be prevented from laying by offering them eggs on the empty scrape veil before […]
- 2000, Charles A. Taylor, The Kingfisher Science Encyclopedia, Kingfisher Publications, →ISBN, page 85,
- The plover lays its eggs in a scrape on the ground. ¶ […] ¶ Birds’ nests can be little more than a scrape in the ground or a delicate structure of plant material, mud, and saliva.
- 2006, Les Beletsky, Birds of the World, Johns Hopkins University Press, →ISBN, page 95,
- Turkey females place their eggs in a shallow scrape in a hidden spot on the ground. Young are born ready to leave the nest and feed themselves (eating insects for their first few weeks).
- (military) A shallow pit dug as a hideout.
- 2014, Harry Turtledove, Hitler's War
- In between rounds, he dug a scrape for himself with his entrenching tool.
- 2001, Carolyn Cooke, The Bostons, Houghton Mifflin Books, →ISBN, page 172–173,
- He could hear deer moo in the woods, smell their musk, spot a scrape in a birch tree twenty feet away.
- 2005, Dragan Vujic, Hunting Farm Country Whitetails, iUniverse, →ISBN, page 58,
- Female whitetails periodically investigate scrapes created by specific bucks. As the doe approaches estrus and becomes receptive to breeding, she will urinate in a scrape as a sharp signal to the buck that she is ready for him.
- (injury): abrasion, graze
- (fight): altercation, brawl, fistfight, fight, fisticuffs, punch-up, scuffle
- (awkward set of circumstances): bind, fix, mess, pickle
- See also Thesaurus:injury
awkward set of circumstances
- Casper, Pacers, Scaper, capers, crapes, e-scrap, escarp, pacers, parsec, recaps, scaper, secpar, spacer