Latin edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From earlier rōbus (with change of nominative after the pattern of iecur), from Proto-Italic *rouβos ~ *rouβoses, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁rewdʰ- (red), named for its reddish hardwood and thus cognate to ruber.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

rōbur n (genitive rōboris); third declension

  1. an oak tree
    1. Designating a specific kind and opposed to quercus, aesculus.
  2. hardness
  3. strength
    Synonyms: vīs, ops, vehementia
  4. stronghold

Declension edit

Third-declension noun (neuter, imparisyllabic non-i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative rōbur rōbora
Genitive rōboris rōborum
Dative rōborī rōboribus
Accusative rōbur rōbora
Ablative rōbore rōboribus
Vocative rōbur rōbora
  • Note: an oblique stem rōburis was advocated by some grammarians, such as Gnipho.

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

References edit

  • robur”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • robur”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • robur in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • robur in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • robur”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • robur”, in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly
  • robur”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin