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Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/sivъ

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-SlavicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *śī́ˀwas, conituning Proto-Indo-European *(s)ḱiHwós from Proto-Indo-European *(s)ḱeyh₁-.

Baltic cognates include Lithuanian šývas (light grey), Old Prussian sijwan (grey).

Indo-European cognates include Old English hǣwе (light blue, purple, grey, green) from Proto-Germanic *haiwina-, Avestan 𐬯𐬌𐬌𐬁𐬎𐬎𐬀(siiāuua), Sanskrit श्याव (śyāvá, dark, dark brown) (with e-grade stem).

AdjectiveEdit

*sìvъ

  1. grey
  2. hoary, grey-haired, aging

InflectionEdit

Accent paradigm a.

DescendantsEdit

  • East Slavic:
    • Old East Slavic: сивъ (sivŭ)

See alsoEdit

Colors in Proto-Slavic · *květi (layout · text)
     *bělъ
(of animals) *bronъ
     *sivъ, *śěrъ, *śědъ      *čьrnъ, *smaglъ/*smǫglъ
(of animals) *vornъ, *galъ
             *čьrvenъ, *ryďь, *ruměnъ; *bagrъ              *rudъ, *granivъ; *smědъ, *snědъ
(of animals) *gnědъ
             *žьltъ
(of animals) *solvъ; *polvъ
             *zelenъ              *zelenъ, *grěnъ             
                          *polvъ              *siňь; *modrъ
             *slivъ                          

ReferencesEdit

  • Derksen, Rick (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 451
  • Vasmer (Fasmer), Max (Maks) (1964–1973), “сивый”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačóv Oleg, Moscow: Progress
  • Skok, Petar (1973) Etimologijski rječnik hrvatskoga ili srpskoga jezika (in Serbo-Croatian), volume 3, Zagreb: JAZU, page 246
  • Melʹnyčuk O. S., editor (2006), “сивий”, in Etymolohičnyj slovnyk ukrajinsʹkoji movy [Etymological Dictionary of the Ukrainian Language] (in Ukrainian), volume 5, Kiev: Naukova Dumka, page 224
  • Comrie, Bernard and Cordett, Creville C. The Slavonic Languages. 1993.