Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/čьrnъ

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-SlavicEdit

*čь̀rnъ (sense 1) pъtákъ
*čь̀rnъ (sense 2) lȋstъ
*čь̀rnъ (sense 3) čelověkъ

EtymologyEdit

From earlier *čьrxnъ < *kьršnъ, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *kiršnas, from Proto-Indo-European *kr̥snós (black). Cognates include Lithuanian kir̃snas (black (about a horse)), Old Prussian kirsnan (black), Sanskrit कृष्ण (kṛṣṇa, black; dark), Persian کرسنه(dirty).

AdjectiveEdit

*čь̀rnъ[1][2][3]

  1. black (the darkest color)
    čь̀rnъ:  
    Antonym: *bě̃lъ
  2. dark (color close to black)
    Synonym: *tьmь̀nъ
    Antonyms: *ě̀snъ, *světьlъ, *jarъkъ, *bě̃lъ
    *čь̀rna àgodawhortleberry, Vaccinium myrtillus
    *čь̀rna vodàdeep water
    *čь̀rnъ lě̑sъblack, deep forest
    *čь̀rna goràdark mountain, hill
    *čь̀rna nòťьdark night
    *čь̀rnъ xlě̀bъwholemeal bread
    *čь̀rna jьstъbàdark room with a hearth
  3. dirty
    Synonym: *brudьnъ
    Antonyms: *čìstъ, *bě̃lъ
  4. (figuratively) bad, evil
    Synonym: *zъlъ
    Antonyms: *dòbrъ, *bě̃lъ
    *čь̀rnъ bȍgъbad luck
  5. (figuratively) sad
  6. (figuratively) unfortunate, unhappy
    Synonym: *nesъčęstьlivъ
    Antonym: *sъčęstьlivъ
    *čь̀rnъ dь̏nьunlucky day
    *čь̀rna bolestьsevere illness, epilepsy
    *čь̀rna nemoťьsevere illness, epilepsy
    *čь̀rna sъmьrtьsevere infectious disease

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

nouns
verbs
adjectives
adverbs

DescendantsEdit

See alsoEdit

Colors in Proto-Slavic · *mȃsti (layout · text)
     *bělъ
(of animals) *bronъ
     *sivъ, *śěrъ, *śědъ      *čьrnъ, *smaglъ/*smǫglъ
(of animals) *vornъ, *galъ
             *čьrvenъ, *ryďь, *ruměnъ              *rudъ, *granivъ; *smědъ,
(of animals) *gnědъ
             *žьltъ
(of animals) *solvъ; *polvъ
             *zelenъ              *zelenъ, *grěnъ             
                          *polvъ              *siňь; *modrъ
             *slivъ              *bagrъ             

Further readingEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*čь̀rnъ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 92: “adj. o (b) ‘black’”
  2. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001), “čьrnъ čьrna čьrno”, in Common Slavic accentological word list, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “b black (NA 125, 142; SA 108, 146, 172, 199; PR 136)”
  3. ^ Sławski, Franciszek, editor (1976), “čŕ̥nъ”, in Słownik prasłowiański [Proto-Slavic Dictionary] (in Polish), volume 2 (caca – davьnota), Wrocław: National Ossoliński Institute, page 240