This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From Proto-Balto-Slavic *waid-, *waistei, from Proto-Indo-European *wóyde (to have seen, to know), perfect of *weyd- (to see). Cognate with Old Prussian waist (to know) (waidimai class 1p. pl.).


*vě̀děti impf[1][2][3]

  1. to know, to be familiar/aware of
  2. to foresee

Alternative formsEdit


There is partial evidence that *věsti ~ *věděti originally had a different set of inflectional endings from the standardly used active endings. Only 1p. sg. *vědě[4][5] is securely attested, e.g. as part of:

Old Church Slavonic азъ боукꙑ вѣдѣ глаголити добро (azŭ buky vědě glagoliti dobro, I know to speak letters well)

which is formed by the names of the first five letters of the Glagolitic/Cyrillic alphabet.

Derived termsEdit

  • *vědati (factitive)
    • East Slavic:
      • Belarusian: ве́даць (vjédacʹ)
      • Russian: ве́дать (védatʹ) (dated or poetic)
      • Ukrainian: ві́дати (vídaty) (dated or poetic)



  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*věděti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 518: “v. ‘know’”
  2. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001), “věděti: věmь”, in Common Slavic accentological word list, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “c vide (PR 139)”
  3. ^ Snoj, Marko (2016), “vedeti”, in Slovenski etimološki slovar3 (in Slovene), “Slovan. *vě̋děti, sed. *vě(d)mь̏”
  4. ^ Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “ведь”, in Этимологический словарь русского языка [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubachyov, Moscow: Progress
  5. ^ Anikin, A. E. (2012), “ведь”, in Русский этимологический словарь [Russian Etymological Dictionary] (in Russian), issue 6 (вал – вершок), Moscow: Manuscript Monuments Ancient Rus, →ISBN, page 174
  6. ^ Sreznevsky, Izmail I. (1893), “вѣдѣти, вѣдѣ и вѣсти, вѣмь”, in Матеріалы для Словаря древне-русскаго языка по письменнымъ памятникамъ [Materials for the Dictionary of the Old East Slavic Language Based on Written Monuments]‎[1] (in Russian), volume 1: А – К, Saint Petersburg: Department of Russian Language and Literature of the Imperial Academy of Sciences, вѣдѣ и вѣсти, вѣмь column 481
  7. ^ Barkhudarov, S. G., editor (1975), “вѣдѣти и вѣсти, вѣмь”, in Словарь русского языка XI–XVII вв. [Dictionary of the Russian Language: 11–17th cent.] (in Russian), issue 2 (в – волога), Moscow: Nauka, page 45
  8. ^ Филин, Ф. П., editor (1969), “ве́сти”, in Slovarʹ russkix narodnyx govorov [Dictionary of Russian Dialects] (in Russian), volume 4, Leningrad: Nauka, Leningrad branch, page 188
  9. ^ Křesćan Pful, editor (1866), “wědźeć”, in Łužiski serbski słownik / Lausitzisch Wendisches Wörterbuch (in German), Budyšin: Maćica Serbska, page 775
  10. ^ Křesćan Pful, editor (1866), “wjedźeć”, in Łužiski serbski słownik / Lausitzisch Wendisches Wörterbuch (in German), Budyšin: Maćica Serbska, page 789

Further readingEdit