familiar

See also: familiär

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin familiāris (pertaining to servants; pertaining to the household). Doublet of familial. Displaced native Old English hīwcūþ.

PronunciationEdit

  • (UK) IPA(key): /fəˈmɪl.i.ə/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /fəˈmɪl.jɚ/, /fəˈmɪl.i.ɚ/, /fɚˈmɪl.jɚ/
  • (US)
    (file)

AdjectiveEdit

familiar (comparative more familiar, superlative most familiar)

  1. Known to one, or generally known; commonplace.
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, “Eye Witness”, in The China Governess: A Mystery, London: Chatto & Windus, OCLC 483591931, page 249:
      The story struck the depressingly familiar note with which true stories ring in the tried ears of experienced policemen. No one queried it. It was in the classic pattern of human weakness, mean and embarrassing and sad.
    • 2013 July 20, “Welcome to the plastisphere”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8845:
      Plastics are energy-rich substances, which is why many of them burn so readily. Any organism that could unlock and use that energy would do well in the Anthropocene. Terrestrial bacteria and fungi which can manage this trick are already familiar to experts in the field.
    There’s a familiar face; that tune sounds familiar.
  2. Acquainted.
    I'm quite familiar with this system; she's not familiar with manual gears.
  3. Intimate or friendly.
    We are on familiar terms now; our neighbour is not familiar
  4. Inappropriately intimate or friendly.
    Don’t be familiar with me, boy!
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Camden to this entry?)
  5. Of or pertaining to a family; familial.

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

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Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

familiar (plural familiars)

  1. An attendant spirit, often in animal or demon form.
    The witch’s familiar was a black cat.
    • 1936, Rollo Ahmed, The Black Art, London: Long, page 75:
      The familiars of the magicians, on the other hand, were not in all cases evil, and often may have approximated the "guides" with whom present-day spiritualists are well acquainted.
  2. (obsolete) A member of one's family or household.
  3. A member of a pope's or bishop's household.
  4. (obsolete) A close friend.
    • 1624, Democritus Junior [pseudonym; Robert Burton], “Concerning the Patient”, in The Anatomy of Melancholy: [], 2nd edition, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Printed by John Lichfield and James Short, for Henry Cripps, OCLC 54573970, partition 2, section 1, member 4, subsection 3, page 199:
      [A] friend of mine, that finding a Receipt in Braſsivola, would needs take Hellebor in ſubſtance, & try it on his own perſon; but had not ſome of his familiars come to viſite him by chance, he had by his indiſcretion hazarded himſelfe; many ſuch I have obſerued.
  5. (historical) The officer of the Inquisition who arrested suspected people.

SynonymsEdit

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CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin familiāris.

AdjectiveEdit

familiar (masculine and feminine plural familiars)

  1. familiar

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

NounEdit

familiar m or f (plural familiars)

  1. relative

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit


GalicianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin familiāris.

AdjectiveEdit

familiar m or f (plural familiares)

  1. of family
  2. close, familiar
  3. daily, plain

NounEdit

familiar m (plural familiares)

  1. relative

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

NounEdit

familiar m

  1. indefinite plural of familie

PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin familiāris.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

familiar m or f (plural familiares, comparable)

  1. familiar (known to one)
  2. of or relating to a family

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

NounEdit

familiar m (plural familiares)

  1. (usually in the plural) relative (person in the same family)
  2. familiar (attendant spirit)
    Synonym: espírito familiar

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • familiar” in Dicionário Priberam da Língua Portuguesa.

SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin familiāris.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /famiˈljaɾ/, [fa.mi.ˈljaɾ]

AdjectiveEdit

familiar (plural familiares)

  1. familial, family
  2. close, familiar
  3. daily, plain

Derived termsEdit

NounEdit

familiar m (plural familiares)

  1. relative, family member
    Synonym: miembro de la familia, pariente

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit