From Middle High German sameztac, samztac, from Old High German sambaztag (“Sabbath day”), from Gothic *𐍃𐌰𐌼𐌱𐌰𐍄𐍉 (*sambatō), an alteration (possibly dialectal) of earlier, Biblical 𐍃𐌰𐌱𐌱𐌰𐍄𐍉 (sabbatō), from Byzantine Greek σάμβατον (sámbaton, “Sabbath”) (compare French samedi, Old French sambedi, Romansch somda, Romanian sâmbătă, Hungarian szombat).
- IPA(key): /ˈzamstʰaːk/ (standard)
- IPA(key): /ˈzamstʰax/ (northern and central Germany; chiefly colloquial)
- IPA(key): /ˈsamʃtʰaːk/ (south-western Germany and Switzerland; dialect)
Samstag is the only common word for “Saturday” in western Germany, southern Germany, Austria, and Switzerland (in standard usage). See Sonnabend for information on this (declining) synonym.
- (eastern and, traditionally, northern Germany): Sonnabend
- Samstag in Duden online