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EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From German Spiegel

Proper nounEdit

Spiegel

  1. A surname​.

GermanEdit

 
Spiegel (sense 1)
 
Spiegel of a deer (sense 5.3)

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German spiegel, from Old High German spiegal or spēgal, from Medieval Latin speglum, from Latin speculum. Cognate with German Low German Spegel, Dutch spiegel[1], Hunsrik Spieghel.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈʃpiːɡ(ə)l/
  • (Germany)
    (file)
  • (Austria)
    (file)

NounEdit

Spiegel m (genitive Spiegels, plural Spiegel, diminutive Spiegelchen n or Spieglein n)

  1. mirror (smooth surface, usually made of glass with reflective material painted on the underside, that reflects light)
    • 1812, Brüder Grimm, Schneewittchen[1]:
      [] Sie hatte auch einen Spiegel, vor den trat sie alle Morgen und fragte: / „Spieglein, Spieglein an der Wand: / wer ist die schönste Frau in dem ganzen Land?“
      She had a Mirror before which she came every morning. She'd ask: Mirror, Mirror, on the wall, who is the fairest Woman in the entire land?"
    Sie hatte einen großen Spiegel.She had a large mirror.
  2. level (of a liquid)
    Synonyms: Pegel, Konzentration
    Meeresspiegelsea level
    Alkoholspiegelalcohol level (amount in blood, for example)
  3. surface (flat overside or up-side of a liquid)
    Synonym: Wasseroberfläche
  4. schematic overview, table (two-dimensional presentation of data)
    Synonym: Tabelle
    Notenspiegeltranscript (as in a set of notes that mirrors the conversation)
    Gehaltsspiegelsalary tables (pay levels)
  5. white or light-coloured mark (on an animal)
    1. on the forehead of horses and cattle
      Das Pony hatte einen hübsch geformten Spiegel auf der Stirn.
      The pony had a nicely shaped mark on the forehead.
    2. on the wing of a goose, capercaillie, or black cock
    3. on the hindquarters of deer

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Kluge, Friedrich (1989), “Spiegel”, in Elmar Seebold, editor, Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache [Etymological dictionary of the German language] (in German), 22nd edition, →ISBN

Further readingEdit