Spiritus Sanctus

LatinEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Calque of Ancient Greek Πνεῦμα τὸ Ἅγιον (Pneûma tò Hágion, literally Holy Ghost, Holy Spirit), from πνεῦμα (pneûma, breath, vital force, soul) + ἅγιος (hágios, holy).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈspiː.ri.tus ˈsaːnk.tus/, [ˈspiː.rɪ.t̪ʊs ˈsaːŋk.t̪ʊs]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈspi.ri.tus ˈsank.tus/, [ˈspiː.ri.t̪us ˈsaŋk.t̪us]

Proper nounEdit

Spīritus Sānctus m sg (genitive Spīritūs Sānctī); fourth declension

  1. (Christianity) The Holy Spirit, the Holy Ghost

DeclensionEdit

Fourth-declension noun with a second-declension adjective, singular only.

Case Singular
Nominative Spīritus Sānctus
Genitive Spīritūs Sānctī
Dative Spīrituī Sānctō
Accusative Spīritum Sānctum
Ablative Spīritū Sānctō
Vocative Spīritus Sāncte

DescendantsEdit

  • Old English: hālig gāst (calque)