See also: Sanctus

English

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Proper noun

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sanctus

  1. Alternative letter-case form of Sanctus
    • 1991, Bryan D. Spinks, The Sanctus in the Eucharistic Prayer, →ISBN, page 116:
      Egypt, however, developed its own unique supplicatory use of the sanctus.

See also

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Latin

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Etymology

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From Proto-Italic *sanktos, perfect passive participle of sanciō (consecrate, appoint as sacred).

Pronunciation

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Participle

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sānctus (feminine sāncta, neuter sānctum, comparative sānctior, superlative sānctissimus); first/second-declension participle

  1. sacred, made inviolable, having been established as sacred.
  2. venerable, august, divine, blessed, holy, saintly
  3. (Late Latin) sainted (having been made a saint)

Declension

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First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative sānctus sāncta sānctum sānctī sānctae sāncta
Genitive sānctī sānctae sānctī sānctōrum sānctārum sānctōrum
Dative sānctō sānctō sānctīs
Accusative sānctum sānctam sānctum sānctōs sānctās sāncta
Ablative sānctō sānctā sānctō sānctīs
Vocative sāncte sāncta sānctum sānctī sānctae sāncta

Noun

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sānctus m (genitive sānctī); second declension

  1. (Late Latin) A saint; person who lives a holy and virtuous life.
    "Dorothy Day erat sancta viva." (Dorothy Day was a living saint.)
  2. (Late Latin) A person who is officially proclaimed as having lived a life of heroic virtue.
    "Kateri Tekakwitha sancta proclamata est." (Kateri Tekakwitha was proclaimed a saint.)
  3. (Late Latin) A title given to (2), usually capitalized, prefixed to the person's name.
    "Sanctus Stephanus Protomartyr"

Declension

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Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative sānctus sānctī
Genitive sānctī sānctōrum
Dative sānctō sānctīs
Accusative sānctum sānctōs
Ablative sānctō sānctīs
Vocative sāncte sānctī

Descendants

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Derived terms

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References

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  • sanctus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • sanctus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • sanctus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • sanctus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Carl Meißner, Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to be an earnest worshipper of the gods: deos sancte, pie venerari
    • the laws of Solon ordained that..: Solonis legibus sanctum erat, ut or ne
  • sanctus in Ramminger, Johann (2016 July 16 (last accessed)) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016
  • sanctus”, in William Smith, editor (1848), A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray
  • Walther von Wartburg (1928–2002) “sanctus”, in Französisches Etymologisches Wörterbuch (in German), volumes 11: S–Si, page 149