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See also: πνεύμα

Contents

Ancient GreekEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *pnéwmn̥, equivalent to πνευ- (pneu-), the root of πνέω (pnéō, I blow), +‎ -μα (-ma, result noun suffix).

PronunciationEdit

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /pnéu̯.ma/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈpnew.ma/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈpneβ.ma/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈpnev.ma/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈpnev.ma/
  • NounEdit

    πνεῦμα (pneûman (genitive πνεύματος); third declension

    1. air
    2. wind
    3. breath
    4. (phonology) breathing
    5. life
    6. spirit, soul
    7. spiritual being: spirit, angel
    8. inspiration (often divine inspiration), genius

    InflectionEdit

    SynonymsEdit

    Derived termsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    ReferencesEdit