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EnglishEdit

NounEdit

spiritus

  1. A breathing.
  2. An aspirate.
  3. Any spirituous preparation.

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PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

spiritus m (plural spiritussen or spiritus, diminutive spiritusje n) (in sense 2)

  1. methylated spirit
  2. (orthography) A kind of diacritic used on Ancient Greek vowels to indicate aspiration or lack thereof. See spiritus asper and spiritus lenis.

SynonymsEdit


LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From spīrō (I breathe, I respire; I live).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

spīritus m (genitive spīritūs); fourth declension

  1. breath, breathing
    • Classicorum auctorum e Vaticanicis codicibus editorum tomus V., Rome, 1833, p.595:
      Spīritūs sunt duo dasia et psile.
  2. light breeze
  3. spirit, ghost
    • 405 CE, Jerome, Vulgate Genesis.1.2:
      Terra autem erat inānis et vacua, et tenebrae erant super faciem abyssī: et spīritus Deī ferēbātur super aquās.
      And the earth was void and empty, and darkness was upon the face of the deep; and the spirit of God moved over the waters.
  4. energy
  5. pride, arrogance

DeclensionEdit

Fourth-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative spīritus spīritūs
Genitive spīritūs spīrituum
Dative spīrituī spīritibus
Accusative spīritum spīritūs
Ablative spīritū spīritibus
Vocative spīritus spīritūs

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

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DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • spiritus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • spiritus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • spiritus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • spiritus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to breathe, live: animam, spiritum ducere
    • to breathe the air: aera spiritu ducere
    • to suffocate a person: spiritum intercludere alicui
    • to give up the ghost: extremum vitae spiritum edere
    • inspired: divino quodam spiritu inflatus or tactus
    • to be haughty: magnos spiritus sibi sumere (B. G. 1. 33)
    • to lower a person's pride: spiritus alicuius reprimere
    • patrician arrogance; pride of caste: spiritus patricii (Liv. 4. 42)
    • to assume a despotic tone: regios spiritus sibi sumere
    • to destroy a despotism, tyranny: regios spiritus reprimere (Nep. Dion. 5. 5)