spiritus

See also: Spiritus

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin spīritus. Doublet of spirit and esprit.

NounEdit

spiritus (plural spirituses or spiritus)

  1. A breathing.
  2. An aspirate.
  3. Any spirituous preparation.

Related termsEdit


CzechEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin spīritus, from or related to spīrō.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

spiritus m

  1. ethanol

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • spiritus in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • spiritus in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
  • spiritus in Akademický slovník cizích slov, 1995, at prirucka.ujc.cas.cz

DutchEdit

 
Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)

NounEdit

spiritus m (plural spiritussen or spiritus, diminutive spiritusje n) (in sense 2)

  1. methylated spirit
    Synonym: brandspiritus
  2. (orthography) A kind of diacritic used on Ancient Greek vowels to indicate aspiration or lack thereof. See spiritus asper and spiritus lenis.

DescendantsEdit

  • Indonesian: spiritus (methylated spirit)
  • Papiamentu: spíritùs

IndonesianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Dutch spiritus, from Latin spīritus (breath; spirit), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)peys- (to blow, breathe). Doublet of spirit.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [spiˈrɪt̪ʊs]
  • Hyphenation: spi‧ri‧tus

NounEdit

spiritus (plural spiritus-spiritus, first-person possessive spiritusku, second-person possessive spiritusmu, third-person possessive spiritusnya)

  1. methylated spirit.

Alternative formsEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit


LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From spīrō (I breathe; I blow, exhale, emit; I respire; I live; I am inspired; I show, express) +‎ -tus, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)peys- (to blow, breathe).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

spīritus m (genitive spīritūs); fourth declension

  1. air, breath, breathing
    • 1833, Classicorum auctorum e Vaticanicis codicibus editorum tomus V., Rome, page 595:
      Spīritūs sunt duo dasia et psile.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
    Synonym: spīrātiō
  2. light breeze
  3. spirit, ghost
  4. energy; courage
  5. pride, haughtiness, arrogance

DeclensionEdit

Fourth-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative spīritus spīritūs
Genitive spīritūs spīrituum
Dative spīrituī spīritibus
Accusative spīritum spīritūs
Ablative spīritū spīritibus
Vocative spīritus spīritūs

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

Further readingEdit

  • spiritus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • spiritus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • spiritus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • spiritus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette, page 1468
  • spiritus in Georges, Karl Ernst; Georges (1913–1918) Ausführliches lateinisch-deutsches Handwörterbuch, Hahnsche Buchhandlung, page 2764
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to breathe, live: animam, spiritum ducere
    • to breathe the air: aera spiritu ducere
    • to suffocate a person: spiritum intercludere alicui
    • to give up the ghost: extremum vitae spiritum edere
    • inspired: divino quodam spiritu inflatus or tactus
    • to be haughty: magnos spiritus sibi sumere (B. G. 1. 33)
    • to lower a person's pride: spiritus alicuius reprimere
    • patrician arrogance; pride of caste: spiritus patricii (Liv. 4. 42)
    • to assume a despotic tone: regios spiritus sibi sumere
    • to destroy a despotism, tyranny: regios spiritus reprimere (Nep. Dion. 5. 5)