See also: taoism

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Chinese character for the word Tao ().

Etymology edit

Tao +‎ -ism

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /daʊɪzm̩/, /taʊɪzm̩/

Proper noun edit


  1. A Chinese mystical philosophy traditionally founded by Lao-tzu in the 6th century B.C.E. that teaches conformity to the tao by unassertive action and simplicity.
    • 2020 September 16, George Yancy, quoting Brook Ziporyn, “How to Die (Without Really Trying)”, in New York Times[1], archived from the original on 16 September 2020:
      The philosophical Taoism of the “Tao Te Ching” seeks to remain connected to this “mother of the world,” the formless Tao (meaning “Way” or “Course”), that is seemingly the opposite of all we value, but is actually the source of all we value, as manure is to flowers, as the emptiness of a womb is to the fullness of life.
    • 2022 Jan-Mar, Liam C. Butchart, “Taoism, bioethics, and the COVID-19 pandemic”, in Tzu Chi Medical Journal[2], volume 34, number 1, →DOI, →ISSN, →OCLC, archived from the original on 15 June 2022:
      Taoism puts a significant emphasis on noninterference, imbuing the decision not to act with moral quality. As a result, Taoism seems like a virtue ethic, with wu-wei as its chief virtue.
  2. A religion developed from Taoist philosophy and folk and Buddhist religion and concerned with obtaining long life and good fortune often by magical means.
    • 2020 January 23, David Crary, “Chinese New Year secular now but kept religious underpinning”, in AP News[3], archived from the original on 15 June 2022:
      The Chinese New Year holiday period, being disrupted this year by the outbreak of a viral illness, has evolved over more than 3,000 years to become the most important of China’s traditional festivals.
      As celebrated in China and in many other places where its known as the Lunar New Year, it is largely a secular holiday, yet it includes rituals and traditions that derive from Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism, as well as from ancient myths and folk religions.
    • 2021 August 19, “GLOBALink Get to the point of acupuncture -- one Australian man's journey with traditional Chinese medicine”, in huaxia, editor, Xinhua News Agency[4], archived from the original on 19 August 2021:
      He also spent one year in Wudang Mountain in central China's Hubei Province, a place famous for Taoism and martial arts tradition, learning acupuncture techniques and knowledge about traditional herbal medicine.
  3. (Singapore) Traditional Chinese folk religion
    • 2010 May 17, Edgar Su, “Lasers, iPods, for a Singapore funeral of a lifetime”, in Miral Fahmy, editor, Reuters[5], archived from the original on 15 June 2022, Lifestyle:
      Buddhism is the most followed religion in Singapore, with over 40 percent of the population declaring themselves believers, according to the latest census. Most of these practice a form of the religion that incorporates elements of Taoism and traditional Chinese faiths.

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