ablativ

See also: Ablativ, ablatív, and ablatīv

AlbanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Probably from English ablative, or a learned borrowing from Latin ablativus (the ablative case), from ablātus (taken away), from auferō (I take away).

NounEdit

ablativ m (definite singular ablativi)

  1. (grammar) the grammatical case ablative
    Synonym: rrjedhore

Further readingEdit

  • Oda Buchholz, Wilfried Fiedler, Gerda Uhlisch (2000) Langenscheidt Handwörterbuch Albanisch, Langenscheidt Verlag, →ISBN, page 27 (ablatív)

CzechEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ablativ m

  1. (grammar) the grammatical case ablative

DeclensionEdit


DanishEdit

 
Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia da

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French ablatif (the ablative case), from Latin ablativus (the ablative case), from ablātus (taken away), from auferō (I take away).

NounEdit

ablativ c (singular definite ablativen, not used in plural form)

  1. (grammar) the ablative case

DeclensionEdit

AdjectiveEdit

ablativ

  1. ablative

InflectionEdit

Inflection of ablativ
Positive Comparative Superlative
Common singular ablativ 2
Neuter singular ablativt 2
Plural ablative 2
Definite attributive1 ablative
1) When an adjective is applied predicatively to something definite, the corresponding "indefinite" form is used.
2) The "indefinite" superlatives may not be used attributively.

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian BokmålEdit

 
Norwegian Bokmål Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nb

EtymologyEdit

From Latin (cāsus) ablātīvus (ablative case, ablative), from ablātus (taken away, stolen, having been stolen) (with the suffix -īvus, from Proto-Indo-European *-iHwós, from *-wós), perfect passive participle of auferō (I take away), from both ab- (from, away, off), from ab (from, away from, of), from Proto-Italic *ab, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂epó (off, away) + and from ferō (I bear, carry, bring), from Proto-Italic *ferō (to carry, bear), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰéreti (to be carrying), from *bʰer- (to bear, carry). Doublet of ablasjon.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɑːblatiːʋ/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -iːʋ
  • Hyphenation: ab‧la‧tiv

NounEdit

ablativ m (definite singular ablativen, indefinite plural ablativer, definite plural ablativene)

  1. (grammar, linguistics) the ablative case (the fundamental meaning of the case being removal, separation, or taking away)
    • 1918, Hjalmar Christensen, Samtiden:
      følelsen av at befinde sig i en sproglig forsøkskrydsningsanstalt, hvor gemytlige sprogveterinærer nynnende demokratiske melodier, prøver at fremkalde ny livskraft hos rudimenter. Hunkjøn skal atter indføres; jeg venter paa ablativ, dualis og medium
      the feeling of being in a linguistic cross-examination facility, where jovial language veterinarians humming democratic melodies, trying to evoke new vitality in rudiments. Females must be reintroduced; I'm waiting for ablative, dualis and medium
    • 2007 November 27, Aftenposten:
      egentlig bør [mea culpa] oversettes «gjennom min skyld» fordi det er ablativ
      really [mea culpa] should be translated "through my guilt" because it is ablative
    substantivet står i ablativ
    the noun is in ablative
    sette noe i ablativput something in ablative (inflect a word into the ablative case)

Derived termsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

ablativ (neuter singular ablativt, definite singular and plural ablative, comparative mer ablativ, superlative mest ablativ)

  1. (geology, sciences) ablative (relating to the erosion of a land mass)
    ablative materialer
    ablative materials

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French ablatif, from Latin ablativus.

NounEdit

ablativ n (plural ablative)

  1. ablative

DeclensionEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin ablativus.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /âblatiʋ/
  • Hyphenation: a‧bla‧tiv

NounEdit

ȁblativ m (Cyrillic spelling а̏блатив)

  1. ablative case

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • ablativ” in Hrvatski jezični portal

SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French ablatif (the ablative case), from Latin ablativus (the ablative case), from ablātus (taken away), from auferō (I take away).

NounEdit

ablativ c

  1. (grammar) the grammatical case ablative

DeclensionEdit

Declension of ablativ 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative ablativ ablativen ablativer ablativerna
Genitive ablativs ablativens ablativers ablativernas

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


VepsEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

NounEdit

ablativ

  1. ablative case

InflectionEdit

Inflection of ablativ
nominative sing. ablativ
genitive sing. ablativan
partitive sing. ablativad
partitive plur.
singular plural
nominative ablativ
accusative ablativan
genitive ablativan
partitive ablativad
essive-instructive ablativan
translative ablativaks
inessive ablativas
elative ablativaspäi
illative ?
adessive ablatival
ablative ablativalpäi
allative ablativale
abessive ablativata
comitative ablativanke
prolative ablativadme
approximative I ablativanno
approximative II ablativannoks
egressive ablativannopäi
terminative I ?
terminative II ablativalesai
terminative III ablativassai
additive I ?
additive II ablativalepäi

ReferencesEdit

  • Zajceva, N. G.; Mullonen, M. I. (2007), “аблатив”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary], Petrozavodsk: Periodika