See also: casûs and ĉasus

AzerbaijaniEdit

Other scripts
Cyrillic ҹасус
Roman casus
Perso-Arabic جاسوس

EtymologyEdit

Ultimately from Arabic جَاسُوس(jāsūs).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [d͡ʒɑːˈsus], [d͡zɑːˈsus]
  • Hyphenation: ca‧sus
  • (file)

NounEdit

casus (definite accusative casusu, plural casuslar)

  1. spy

DeclensionEdit


DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin cāsus (chance, event), the past participle of cadō (to fall, happen).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈkaː.zʏs/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ca‧sus

NounEdit

casus m (plural casussen or casus, diminutive casusje n)

  1. (law) A legal case.
    Synonyms: rechtzaak, zaak
  2. A case, occurrence, instance, especially used for a case study, reference or teaching example.
    Synonym: geval
  3. (grammar) A case, (instance of) grammatical case.
    Synonym: naamval
  4. A coincidence.
    Synonym: toeval

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Indonesian: kasus

LatinEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From cāssus with regular degemination after a long vowel, for cadō (to fall, happen) +‎ -tus (action noun suffix), from Proto-Italic *kadō, Proto-Indo-European *ḱh₂d- (to fall). The grammatical sense is a semantic loan from Ancient Greek πτῶσις (ptôsis).

Alternative formsEdit

  • cassus (regular Republican spelling)

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

cāsus m (genitive cāsūs); fourth declension

  1. a fall, downwards movement
  2. accident, chance
  3. an event, happening, occurrence
  4. misfortune, disaster, accident
  5. (grammar) A case, termination

DeclensionEdit

Fourth-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative cāsus cāsūs
Genitive cāsūs cāsuum
Dative cāsuī cāsibus
Accusative cāsum cāsūs
Ablative cāsū cāsibus
Vocative cāsus cāsūs

HyponymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Proper nounEdit

Casus f sg (genitive Casī); second declension

  1. Alternative form of Casos (the island of Casos)

DeclensionEdit

Second-declension noun, with locative, singular only.

Case Singular
Nominative Casus
Genitive Casī
Dative Casō
Accusative Casum
Ablative Casō
Vocative Case
Locative Casī

Etymology 3Edit

Unknown, but presumably via Ancient Greek. Compare the second element in Καύκασος (Kaúkasos) as well as Caspius. Mentioned only by Pliny (Naturalis Historia 6.39.7).

Proper nounEdit

Casus m sg (genitive Casī); second declension

  1. Casus (a river in Caucasian Albania)

DeclensionEdit

Second-declension noun, singular only.

Case Singular
Nominative Casus
Genitive Casī
Dative Casō
Accusative Casum
Ablative Casō
Vocative Case

Further readingEdit

  • casus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • casus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • casus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • casus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to foresee the far distant future: futura or casus futuros (multo ante) prospicere
    • by some chance or other: nescio quo casu (with Indic.)
    • the changes and chances of this life: ancipites et varii casus
    • to have to submit to the uncertainties of fortune; to be subject to Fortune's caprice: sub varios incertosque casus subiectum esse
    • to experience the ups and downs of life: multis casibus iactari
    • to be prepared for all that may come: ad omnes casus subsidia comparare
    • to prepare oneself for all contingencies: ad omnes casus se comparare
    • to foresee political events long before: longe prospicere futuros casus rei publicae (De Amic. 12. 40)
    • (ambiguous) affairs are desperate; we are reduced to extremeties: res ad extremum casum perducta est
  • casus in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016
  • casus in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly

TurkishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ottoman Turkish جاسوس(casus), from Arabic جَاسُوس(jāsūs).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

casus (definite accusative casusu, plural casuslar)

  1. spy
    Synonym: ajan

DeclensionEdit

Inflection
Nominative casus
Definite accusative casusu
Singular Plural
Nominative casus casuslar
Definite accusative casusu casusları
Dative casusa casuslara
Locative casusta casuslarda
Ablative casustan casuslardan
Genitive casusun casusların
Possessive forms
Nominative
Singular Plural
1st singular casusum casuslarım
2nd singular casusun casusların
3rd singular casusu casusları
1st plural casusumuz casuslarımız
2nd plural casusunuz casuslarınız
3rd plural casusları casusları
Definite accusative
Singular Plural
1st singular casusumu casuslarımı
2nd singular casusunu casuslarını
3rd singular casusunu casuslarını
1st plural casusumuzu casuslarımızı
2nd plural casusunuzu casuslarınızı
3rd plural casuslarını casuslarını
Dative
Singular Plural
1st singular casusuma casuslarıma
2nd singular casusuna casuslarına
3rd singular casusuna casuslarına
1st plural casusumuza casuslarımıza
2nd plural casusunuza casuslarınıza
3rd plural casuslarına casuslarına
Locative
Singular Plural
1st singular casusumda casuslarımda
2nd singular casusunda casuslarında
3rd singular casusunda casuslarında
1st plural casusumuzda casuslarımızda
2nd plural casusunuzda casuslarınızda
3rd plural casuslarında casuslarında
Ablative
Singular Plural
1st singular casusumdan casuslarımdan
2nd singular casusundan casuslarından
3rd singular casusundan casuslarından
1st plural casusumuzdan casuslarımızdan
2nd plural casusunuzdan casuslarınızdan
3rd plural casuslarından casuslarından
Genitive
Singular Plural
1st singular casusumun casuslarımın
2nd singular casusunun casuslarının
3rd singular casusunun casuslarının
1st plural casusumuzun casuslarımızın
2nd plural casusunuzun casuslarınızın
3rd plural casuslarının casuslarının

See alsoEdit


ZazakiEdit

PronunciationEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Arabic جَاسُوس(jāsūs).

NounEdit

casus m (plural -i)

  1. spy

See alsoEdit