casus

See also: casûs

Contents

DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin casus ‎(chance, event), the past participle of cadō ‎(to fall, happen).

NounEdit

casus m ‎(plural casussen or casus, diminutive casusje n)

  1. A case, occurrence, instance, especially used for a reference or teaching example and for a legal case
  2. (grammar) A case, (instance of) grammatical case
  3. A coincidence

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit


LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

Perfect passive participle of cadō ‎(I fall). The grammatical sense originated as a literal translation of Ancient Greek πτῶσις ‎(ptôsis).

PronunciationEdit

ParticipleEdit

cāsus m ‎(feminine cāsa, neuter cāsum); first/second declension

  1. fallen; having fallen

InflectionEdit

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative cāsus cāsa cāsum cāsī cāsae cāsa
genitive cāsī cāsae cāsī cāsōrum cāsārum cāsōrum
dative cāsō cāsō cāsīs
accusative cāsum cāsam cāsum cāsōs cāsās cāsa
ablative cāsō cāsā cāsō cāsīs
vocative cāse cāsa cāsum cāsī cāsae cāsa

Related termsEdit

NounEdit

cāsus m ‎(genitive cāsūs); fourth declension

  1. fall, downwards movement
  2. accident, chance
  3. an event, happening, occurrence
  4. misfortune, disaster, accident
  5. (grammar) A case, termination

InflectionEdit

Fourth declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative cāsus cāsūs
genitive cāsūs cāsuum
dative cāsuī cāsibus
accusative cāsum cāsūs
ablative cāsū cāsibus
vocative cāsus cāsūs

HyponymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • casus” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.
  • casus” in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to foresee the far distant future: futura or casus futuros (multo ante) prospicere
    • by some chance or other: nescio quo casu (with Indic.)
    • the changes and chances of this life: ancipites et varii casus
    • to have to submit to the uncertainties of fortune; to be subject to Fortune's caprice: sub varios incertosque casus subiectum esse
    • to experience the ups and downs of life: multis casibus iactari
    • to be prepared for all that may come: ad omnes casus subsidia comparare
    • to prepare oneself for all contingencies: ad omnes casus se comparare
    • to foresee political events long before: longe prospicere futuros casus rei publicae (De Amic. 12. 40)
    • (ambiguous) affairs are desperate; we are reduced to extremeties: res ad extremum casum perducta est
  • casus” in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016

TurkishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Arabic جَاسُوس ‎(jāsūs).

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

casus ‎(definite accusative casusu, plural casuslar)

  1. spy

DeclensionEdit

See alsoEdit

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