Latin edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From ab- (away from) +‎ tergeō (rub or wipe off, cleanse).

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

abstergeō (present infinitive abstergēre, perfect active abstersī, supine abstersum); second conjugation

  1. to wipe off or away; dry by wiping
    Synonyms: tergeō, luō, pūrgō, putō, effingō
    Antonyms: inquinō, polluō, maculō, scelerō, contingō
  2. (figuratively) to wipe away, drive away, banish, expel, dispel

Conjugation edit

  • In surviving Classical sources, the passive voice is limited to the third-person forms.
   Conjugation of abstergeō (second conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present abstergeō abstergēs absterget abstergēmus abstergētis abstergent
imperfect abstergēbam abstergēbās abstergēbat abstergēbāmus abstergēbātis abstergēbant
future abstergēbō abstergēbis abstergēbit abstergēbimus abstergēbitis abstergēbunt
perfect abstersī abstersistī abstersit abstersimus abstersistis abstersērunt,
abstersēre
pluperfect absterseram absterserās absterserat absterserāmus absterserātis absterserant
future perfect absterserō absterseris absterserit absterserimus absterseritis absterserint
passive present abstergeor abstergēris,
abstergēre
abstergētur abstergēmur abstergēminī abstergentur
imperfect abstergēbar abstergēbāris,
abstergēbāre
abstergēbātur abstergēbāmur abstergēbāminī abstergēbantur
future abstergēbor abstergēberis,
abstergēbere
abstergēbitur abstergēbimur abstergēbiminī abstergēbuntur
perfect abstersus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect abstersus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect abstersus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present abstergeam abstergeās abstergeat abstergeāmus abstergeātis abstergeant
imperfect abstergērem abstergērēs abstergēret abstergērēmus abstergērētis abstergērent
perfect absterserim absterserīs absterserit absterserīmus absterserītis absterserint
pluperfect abstersissem abstersissēs abstersisset abstersissēmus abstersissētis abstersissent
passive present abstergear abstergeāris,
abstergeāre
abstergeātur abstergeāmur abstergeāminī abstergeantur
imperfect abstergērer abstergērēris,
abstergērēre
abstergērētur abstergērēmur abstergērēminī abstergērentur
perfect abstersus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect abstersus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present abstergē abstergēte
future abstergētō abstergētō abstergētōte abstergentō
passive present abstergēre abstergēminī
future abstergētor abstergētor abstergentor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives abstergēre abstersisse abstersūrum esse abstergērī abstersum esse abstersum īrī
participles abstergēns abstersūrus abstersus abstergendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
abstergendī abstergendō abstergendum abstergendō abstersum abstersū

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

References edit

  • abstergeo”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • abstergeo”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • abstergeo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to banish all sad thoughts: omnem luctum plane abstergere