Latin edit

Etymology edit

From por- +‎ Proto-Indo-European *lew- (dirt, mud) (compare luēs (plague); cognate with λῦμα (lûma, dirt) and Old Irish loth (mud)).

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

polluō (present infinitive polluere, perfect active polluī, supine pollūtum); third conjugation

  1. to soil, defile, pollute, stain, foul
  2. (figuratively, morally) to contaminate, violate, dishonor, desecrate, pollute, defile

Conjugation edit

   Conjugation of polluō (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present polluō polluis polluit polluimus polluitis polluunt
imperfect polluēbam polluēbās polluēbat polluēbāmus polluēbātis polluēbant
future polluam polluēs polluet polluēmus polluētis polluent
perfect polluī polluistī polluit polluimus polluistis polluērunt,
pluperfect pollueram polluerās polluerat polluerāmus polluerātis polluerant
future perfect polluerō pollueris polluerit polluerimus pollueritis polluerint
passive present polluor pollueris,
polluitur polluimur polluiminī polluuntur
imperfect polluēbar polluēbāris,
polluēbātur polluēbāmur polluēbāminī polluēbantur
future polluar polluēris,
polluētur polluēmur polluēminī polluentur
perfect pollūtus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect pollūtus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect pollūtus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present polluam polluās polluat polluāmus polluātis polluant
imperfect polluerem polluerēs pollueret polluerēmus polluerētis polluerent
perfect polluerim polluerīs polluerit polluerīmus polluerītis polluerint
pluperfect polluissem polluissēs polluisset polluissēmus polluissētis polluissent
passive present polluar polluāris,
polluātur polluāmur polluāminī polluantur
imperfect polluerer polluerēris,
polluerētur polluerēmur polluerēminī polluerentur
perfect pollūtus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect pollūtus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present pollue polluite
future polluitō polluitō polluitōte polluuntō
passive present polluere polluiminī
future polluitor polluitor polluuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives polluere polluisse pollūtūrum esse polluī pollūtum esse pollūtum īrī
participles polluēns pollūtūrus pollūtus polluendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
polluendī polluendō polluendum polluendō pollūtum pollūtū

Synonyms edit

Antonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Catalan: pol·luir
  • English: pollute
  • French: polluer
  • Italian: polluire
  • Portuguese: poluir
  • Romanian: polua
  • Spanish: poluir

References edit

  • polluo”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • polluo”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • polluo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Carl Meißner, Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to profane sacred rites: sacra polluere et violare