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JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
あらわ
Grade: 3
kun’yomi

Derived as the verb form of adjective (arawa, naked, bare; open, revealed), as a compound of (arawa) +‎ (-su, causativizing suffix; root of modern する (suru, to do; to make something do)), with an original meaning of “to make something open and public, to make something apparent”.[1]

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

Japanese verb pair
active  (あらわ)
mediopassive  (あらわ)れる

表す (transitive, godan conjugation, hiragana あらわす, rōmaji arawasu, historical hiragana あらはす)

  1. to show, to make apparent
  2. to express, to put into words
  3. to signify, to represent, to symbolize, to stand for
Usage notesEdit

This verb can be spelled many different ways. The spellings with the kana might be preferred for avoiding ambiguous readings. In general, which kanji to use depends on which sense one wishes to emphasize:[3]

ConjugationEdit
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
ひょう
Grade: 3
on’yomi

Derived from Middle Chinese (MC piᴇuX), as a compound of (hyō) +‎ (-su, causativizing / transitivizing suffix; root of modern する (suru), “to do; to make something do”).[1]

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

表す (transitive, godan conjugation, hiragana ひょうす, rōmaji hyōsu, historical hiragana へうす)

  1. to express, to say in words, to put into words
Usage notesEdit

This is an archaic form. The modern form is  (ひょう)する (hyōsuru).

ConjugationEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN