achaque

See also: achaqué

GalicianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Attested since circa 1300. Probably from Arabic شَكَا(šakā, complain).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

achaque m (plural achaques)

  1. excuse, pretext
    • 1596, anonymous, Diálogo de Alberte e Bieito:
      Meu sobrino pouco biche no camiño que Aca muyto mais pasou esa jente Aca chegou e nonos deixaron biño Pan nen pasta que ata estar de choz non lle basta darlles da bianda boa mesturada con boroa so pantrigo non segasta. Ja A bezina non tengalo nen galiña; polo camiño e congostra fan mais mal que no a lagostra son como abes de Rapiña, Lagumeiros, lapuzes e lacoeiros que con Achaque da guerra quedou ynsinada A terra a consentir lacoeiros
      My nephew, little did you see in the road, because here much more happened: that people here arrived and they didn't left us wine, bread or paste, that even [?] was not enough for them; giving them good viand admixed with black bread, so the wheat bread is not spent. Now the neighbour has no hen or rooster; in the road and the lane they do more harm than locusts; they are like birds of prey, loafers[?], guzzlers and gluttons that with the pretext of the war the country was left taught to consent gluttons
    Synonyms: escusa, pretexto
  2. affliction, infirmity
    Synonym: alifafe

ReferencesEdit

  • achaque” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006–2022.
  • achaque” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006–2018.
  • achaque” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006–2013.
  • achaque” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • achaque” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

Uncertain origin, possibly from Arabic or a Germanic language. Compare Spanish achaque.

PronunciationEdit

 

  • Hyphenation: a‧cha‧que

NounEdit

achaque m (plural achaques)

  1. frequent but minor malaise
  2. a moral or behavioural flaw; a vice
  3. an excuse for doing something; a pretext

Derived termsEdit


SpanishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /aˈt͡ʃake/, [aˈt͡ʃa.ke]

Etymology 1Edit

Probably deverbal from achacar, from Arabic. Alternatively the Spanish noun might be from Arabic الشَكْوَى(aš-šakwā, complaint) with the verb then denominal.

NounEdit

achaque m (plural achaques)

  1. minor sickness, malady especially a cold
  2. default, failing
  3. subject, issue, topic
  4. (informal) period, menstruation
    Synonyms: menstruación, regla, período
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Italian: acciacco
  • Ladino: achakes de

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

VerbEdit

achaque

  1. inflection of achacar:
    1. first-person singular present subjunctive
    2. third-person singular present subjunctive
    3. third-person singular imperative

Further readingEdit